American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

Back to all reports

Heritage Foundation - $128,095.56 spent on 147 trips
4.1% spent on Democratic Party
0.9% spent on Independent Party
95.0% spent on Republican Party

ADERHOLT, ROBERT B - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $599.00

ADERHOLT, ROBERT B - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $585.00

ADERHOLT, ROBERT B - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $670.06

AKIN, GARY - Democratic Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $555.00

AKIN, GARY - Democratic Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $311.00

AKIN, GARY - Democratic Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $670.05

BARRETT, JAMES GRESHAM - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $670.05

BARTLETT, ROSCOE G JR - Republican Party
January 5, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (1 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Seminar
Total Cost - $170.00

BEAUPREZ, ROBERT LOUIS - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 22, 2004 (2 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $391.96

BLACKBURN, MARSHA W - Republican Party
January 22, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (2 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $442.66

BOOZMAN, JOHN N - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $347.00

BRADY, KEVIN - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 22, 2004 (2 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $352.83

BROWN, HENRY E JR - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $585.00

BURGESS, MICHAEL C DR - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - conservative members retreat in Cambridge, MD-educational
Total Cost - $670.05

CARTER, JOHN - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $635.67

CHABOT, STEVE - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $387.00

CHABOT, STEVE - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $347.00

CHOCOLA, J CHRISTOPHER - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $670.06

COLE, TOM - Republican Party
January 13, 2003 - January 14, 2003 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Orientation for new members of congress
Total Cost - $519.50

COLE, TOM - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $670.06

COOKSEY, JOHN CHARLES - Republican Party
August 8, 2003 - August 11, 2003 (4 days)
Colorado Springs, CO
Purpose - Members conference on Uninsurance: Is tax policy the answer?
Total Cost - $2,660.20

COOPER, JAMES H S - Democratic Party
January 13, 2003 - January 14, 2003 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New member orientation
Total Cost - $662.01

COX, CHRISTOPHER - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 28, 2002 (1 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational retreat
Total Cost - $102.40

COX, CHRISTOPHER - Republican Party
January 22, 2004 - January 22, 2004 (1 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Conservation Members Retreat
Total Cost - $135.74

CRANE, PHILIP M - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational; Conservation Members Retreat
Total Cost - $670.06

CRENSHAW, ANDER M - Republican Party
August 30, 2001 - September 4, 2001 (6 days)
Malaysia - Singapore
Purpose - Educational / Meet with government officials
Total Cost - $6,950.00

CULBERSON, JOHN - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 22, 2004 (2 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $306.74

DAVIS, JO ANN S - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $387.00

DAVIS, JO ANN S - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $809.32

DELAY, THOMAS DALE - Republican Party
August 30, 2001 - September 4, 2001 (6 days)
Malaysia - Singapore
Purpose - Educational / Meet with government officials
Total Cost - $8,428.00

DEMINT, JAMES W - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational retreat
Total Cost - $387.00

DEMINT, JAMES W - Republican Party
August 8, 2001 - August 11, 2001 (4 days)
Colorado Springs, CO
Purpose - Forum on healthcare
Total Cost - $4,771.71

DEMINT, JAMES W - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational retreat
Total Cost - $347.00

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational - retreat in Baltimore for CATs.
Total Cost - $365.00

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational retreat
Total Cost - $285.00

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $497.63

FEENEY, TOM - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MA
Purpose - educational - conservative members retreat
Total Cost - $670.06

FOLEY, MARK - Republican Party
July 6, 2000 - July 7, 2000 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Working with the media retreat
Total Cost - $334.00

GOODE, VIRGIL H. JR. - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational purpose
Total Cost - $523.00

GRANGER, KAY N - Republican Party
August 8, 2001 - August 11, 2001 (4 days)
Colorado Springs, CO
Purpose - Educational conference
Total Cost - $1,876.50

GUTKNECHT, GILBERT W JR - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $311.00

HENSARLING, JEB MR. - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $635.67

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational purpose
Total Cost - $554.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
January 4, 2002 - January 5, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - CATS retreat, educational
Total Cost - $595.72

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - RSC educational retreat
Total Cost - $285.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $670.06

HILLEARY, VAN - Republican Party
January 5, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (1 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational conference
Total Cost - $122.00

HOEKSTRA, PETER - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational purpose
Total Cost - $365.00

HOEKSTRA, PETER - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $156.00

HOEKSTRA, PETER - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 22, 2004 (2 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $328.21

HOSTETTLER, JOHN NATHAN - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational purpose
Total Cost - $387.00

ISTOOK, ERNEST J JR - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational, retreat
Total Cost - $441.00

ISTOOK, ERNEST J JR - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $387.00

JOHNSON, SAMUEL ROBERT - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational purposes
Total Cost - $495.00

JOHNSON, SAMUEL ROBERT - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational, retreat
Total Cost - $585.00

MCCRERY, JAMES OTIS III - Republican Party
August 7, 2001 - August 10, 2001 (4 days)
Colorado Springs, CO
Purpose - fact finding
Total Cost - $3,191.42

MILLER, JEFFERSON B - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $635.67

MUSGRAVE, MARILYN N - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $1,040.12

MYRICK, SUE - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $387.00

MYRICK, SUE - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational retreat
Total Cost - $311.00

MYRICK, SUE - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 24, 2004 (4 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $670.06

NEUGEBAUER, RANDY - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $923.62

PENCE, MIKE - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational, retreat
Total Cost - $347.00

PENCE, MIKE - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 6, 2001 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational, RSC retreat
Total Cost - $385.36

PENCE, MIKE - Republican Party
January 22, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (2 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $484.46

PENCE, MIKE - Republican Party
April 30, 2004 - April 30, 2004 (1 days)
Chicago, IL
Purpose - official; promote congressional and conservative national issues
Total Cost - $648.19

PITTS, JOSEPH R - Independent Party
January 5, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (1 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose -
Total Cost - $145.00

PITTS, JOSEPH R - Independent Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational, retreat
Total Cost - $63.40

POMBO, RICHARD - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational, retreat
Total Cost - $263.00

ROGERS, MICHAEL - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - educational - conservative members retreat
Total Cost - $670.06

ROS-LEHTINEN, ILEANA - Republican Party
August 30, 2001 - September 2, 2001 (4 days)
Langkawi, Malaysia - Singapore
Purpose - educational and meetings with governmental officials
Total Cost - $2,602.00

RYAN, PAUL D - Republican Party
August 9, 2001 - August 10, 2001 (2 days)
Colorado Springs, CO
Purpose - Attended conference on health care regarding tax policy and the uninsured
Total Cost - $959.78

RYUN, JIM R - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $533.00

SCHAFFER, BOB - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational retreat
Total Cost - $311.00

SHADEGG, JOHN B - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - education purposes
Total Cost - $555.00

SHADEGG, JOHN B - Republican Party
August 8, 2001 - August 11, 2001 (4 days)
Colorado Springs, CO
Purpose - education purposes
Total Cost - $1,663.22

SHADEGG, JOHN B - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational retreat
Total Cost - $347.00

SHADEGG, JOHN B - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - conservative members retreat - educational
Total Cost - $571.92

SMITH, NICK - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 21, 2004 (1 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $289.08

SOUDER, MARK E - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational purpose
Total Cost - $387.00

TIAHRT, TODD W - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - conservative members retreat, educational
Total Cost - $637.74

TOOMEY, PATRICK - Republican Party
January 4, 2001 - January 5, 2001 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $387.00

TOOMEY, PATRICK - Republican Party
January 28, 2002 - January 29, 2002 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $285.00

VITTER, DAVID B - Republican Party
February 25, 2000 - February 27, 2000 (3 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - Panel w/ Sen. John Kyl, Ambassador Cooper and others, Re: protecting California and U.S. from ballistic missile attacks
Total Cost - $2,650.00

KYL, JON L - Republican Party
February 26, 2000 - February 26, 2000 (1 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - give keynote luncheon address at conference
Total Cost - $236.00

SESSIONS, JEFFERSON B - Republican Party
August 8, 2001 - August 11, 2001 (4 days)
Colorado Springs, CO
Purpose - Heritage Foundation Conference/Retreat
Total Cost - $2,405.29

ALEXANDER, LAMAR - Republican Party
January 13, 2003 - January 13, 2003 (1 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Heritage Foundation New Members Orientation
Total Cost - $225.78

MILLER, ZELL BRYAN - Democratic Party
April 15, 2004 - April 16, 2004 (2 days)
New Orleans, LA
Purpose - Speech
Total Cost - $1,041.52

FLAKE, JEFF - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative members retreat
Total Cost - $519.55

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $769.14

CULBERSON, JOHN - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $775.34

CUBIN, BARBARA L - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Member Retreat
Total Cost - $632.11

COLE, TOM - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative members retreat
Total Cost - $669.91

BURGESS, MICHAEL C DR - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 3, 2005 (1 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative members retreat
Total Cost - $391.76

CHOCOLA, J CHRISTOPHER - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative members retreat
Total Cost - $481.53

BISHOP, ROBERT WILLIAM - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conference
Total Cost - $882.54

ADERHOLT, ROBERT B - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - RSC retreat
Total Cost - $451.76

WICKER, ROGER F - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $632.11

WELDON, DAVE - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $1,033.12

TIAHRT, TODD W - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $1,149.21

SHADEGG, JOHN B - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational purpose
Total Cost - $882.54

PITTS, JOSEPH R - Independent Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Fact finding/building coalitions
Total Cost - $936.58

PENCE, MIKE - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $1,300.41

NEUGEBAUER, RANDY - Republican Party
February 2, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (4 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Discuss/review national issues and legislative ideas
Total Cost - $1,224.81

MYRICK, SUE - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Member's retreat
Total Cost - $881.28

MILLER, JEFFERSON B - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Meetings with Heritage Foundation
Total Cost - $1,012.18

MACK, CONNIE - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Member Retreat
Total Cost - $408.41

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $882.54

HART, MELISSA - Republican Party
March 3, 2005 - March 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $732.18

GUTKNECHT, GILBERT W JR - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $481.53

KLINE, JOHN P - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Meetings
Total Cost - $844.74

ISTOOK, ERNEST J JR - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $1,300.41

WESTMORELAND, LYNN ACTON - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $1,261.00

WESTMORELAND, LYNN ACTON - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Member Orientation
Total Cost - $642.20

MCMORRIS, CATHY - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Member Orientation
Total Cost - $458.01

GOHMERT, LOUIS B. MR. JR. - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Heritage Foundation's Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $882.54

GOHMERT, LOUIS B. MR. JR. - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Heritage Foundation's New Members Retreat
Total Cost - $458.01

FOXX, VIRGINIA - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $882.74

FOXX, VIRGINIA - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $681.61

LUNGREN, DANIEL E - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Members Retreat
Total Cost - $408.41

COSTA, JIM - Democratic Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Member Orientation/Educational
Total Cost - $382.41

BARRETT, JAMES GRESHAM - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Discuss agenda for 109th Congress and to get legislative briefings on key issues
Total Cost - $441.53

AKIN, WILLIAM TODD - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat
Total Cost - $669.91

RYAN, PAUL D - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - not specified
Total Cost - $382.12

HENSARLING, JEB MR. - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - not specified
Total Cost - $632.11

WILSON, ADDISON (JOE) GRAVES - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - To discuss and form policy strategies for the 109th Congress
Total Cost - $1,300.41

MCHENRY, PATRICK TIMOTHY - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Members Retreat
Total Cost - $458.01

MCHENRY, PATRICK TIMOTHY - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Conservative Members Retreat Hosted by the Heritage Foundation
Total Cost - $600.73

DENT, CHARLES W - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Member's Orientation
Total Cost - $382.41

KING, STEVEN A - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $1,289.78

DRAKE, THELMA - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Member Retreat
Total Cost - $418.60

KING, STEVEN A - Republican Party
January 21, 2004 - January 23, 2004 (3 days)
Cambridge, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $1,040.12

REICHERT, DAVID CONGRESSMAN - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New member retreat
Total Cost - $642.20

GARRETT, E SCOTT - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Member's retreat
Total Cost - $584.72

FORTENBERRY, JEFF - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - New Member retreat
Total Cost - $642.20

CONAWAY, K MICHAEL - Republican Party
January 17, 2005 - January 18, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Congressional training briefing on top issues and ways of Congress
Total Cost - $418.60

FLAKE, JEFF - Republican Party
April 29, 2004 - April 30, 2004 (2 days)
Chicago, IL
Purpose - To speak at Heritage luncheon
Total Cost - $642.85

TURNER, MIKE - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 5, 2005 (3 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - Retreat for RSC members to discuss policy issues and agenda for the 109th Congress
Total Cost - $882.54

SODREL, MICHAEL E - Republican Party
February 3, 2005 - February 4, 2005 (2 days)
Baltimore, MD
Purpose - To provide like minded Members with opportunity to discuss major legislative issues, including a new Member policy orientation session
Total Cost - $479.82

PENCE, MIKE - Republican Party
August 15, 2005 - August 18, 2005 (4 days)
Malibu, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Pepperdine Univ
Purpose - not specified
Total Cost - $2,761.90

MCCRERY, JAMES OTIS III - Republican Party
August 15, 2005 - August 18, 2005 (4 days)
Malibu, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Pepperdine Univ, Rod Campbell
Purpose - Fact finding
Total Cost - $2,852.38

ISTOOK, ERNEST J JR - Republican Party
August 15, 2005 - August 18, 2005 (4 days)
Malibu, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Pepperdine Univ
Purpose - Pepperdine University and the Heritage Foundation conference on entitlement reform
Total Cost - $1,856.58

FEENEY, TOM - Republican Party
August 15, 2005 - August 19, 2005 (5 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - The Heritage Foundation & Pepperdine University: Making the Goal of Entitlement Reform a Reality
Total Cost - $1,282.98

ENGLISH, PHILIP S - Republican Party
August 15, 2005 - August 18, 2005 (4 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Pepperdine Univ
Purpose - Policy retreat to discuss the impending entitlement crisis facing our country
Total Cost - $2,416.86

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
August 14, 2005 - August 17, 2005 (4 days)
Malibu, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Pepperdine Univ
Purpose - Educational Congressional retreat
Total Cost - $2,008.06

COOPER, JAMES H S - Democratic Party
August 15, 2005 - August 18, 2005 (4 days)
Malibu, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Pepperdine Univ
Purpose - Participation in the Heritage Foundation Conference
Total Cost - $1,679.79

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
August 14, 2005 - August 17, 2005 (4 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Pepperdine Univ
Purpose - Educational Congressional retreat
Total Cost - $2,008.06

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

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