American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

Back to all reports

Ripon Educational Fund - $759,993.31 spent on 84 trips
3.4% spent on Democratic Party
0.0% spent on Independent Party
96.6% spent on Republican Party

BOEHNER, JOHN A - Republican Party
October 24, 2000 - October 30, 2000 (7 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $9,050.00

BOEHNER, JOHN A - Republican Party
August 11, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (8 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - Transatlantic conference
Total Cost - $4,869.72

BOUCHER, FREDRICK C - Democratic Party
August 11, 2001 - August 17, 2001 (7 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - Speech to conference on upcoming electricity restructuring legislation
Total Cost - $1,805.00

BOUCHER, FREDRICK C - Democratic Party
August 10, 2003 - August 14, 2003 (5 days)
London, England
Purpose - Presentations and spoke to transatlantic conference on discriminatory effect of European Union value added tax on digital downloads supplied by American companies.
Total Cost - $5,600.00

CAMP, DAVID LEE - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - Transatlantic conference in London
Total Cost - $15,623.00

CASTLE, MICHAEL N - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - November 30, 2000 (7 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - TransAtlantic Conference -- Educational
Total Cost - $9,050.00

COBLE, JOHN HOWARD - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (9 days)
Manchester, England - Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - To attend 2001 TransAtlantic Conference in Scotland
Total Cost - $7,037.33

COBLE, JOHN HOWARD - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 13, 2003 (4 days)
London, England
Purpose - To attend Ripon Educational Fund Transatlantic Conference.
Total Cost - $2,339.40

CRANE, PHILIP M - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - In-depth discussions of public policy issues affecting US-Italian relations
Total Cost - $9,120.00

CRANE, PHILIP M - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (9 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - Not specified
Total Cost - $12,286.16

CRANE, PHILIP M - Republican Party
August 9, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (7 days)
London, England
Purpose - As chairman of the Ways and Means Subcommittee on Trade, Congressman Crane participated in events focusing on the upcoming World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial in Cancun, Mexico
Total Cost - $18,650.40

CRENSHAW, ANDER M - Republican Party
August 8, 2003 - August 14, 2003 (7 days)
London, England
Purpose - To gather with government and business leaders to discuss public policy issues that affect relations between the US and the host country
Total Cost - $11,017.88

DUNCAN, JOHN REP JR - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 1, 2000 (8 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - speaking/participation in Transatlantic conference
Total Cost - $8,750.00

DUNN, JENNIFER - Republican Party
August 15, 2003 - August 17, 2003 (3 days)
London, England
Purpose - Ripon Educational Fund Transatlantic Conference in London, England
Total Cost - $6,271.86

ENGLISH, PHILIP S - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (9 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - Educational - Policy International Conference - panel moderator.
Total Cost - $8,336.33

FLETCHER, ERNIE - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 17, 2001 (8 days)
Scotland
Purpose - Transatlantic conference.
Total Cost - $8,076.34

FLETCHER, ERNIE - Republican Party
February 15, 2002 - February 19, 2002 (5 days)
San Francisco, CA - Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - listening tour and healthcare forum
Total Cost - $9,464.02

FOLEY, MARK - Republican Party
November 23, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (10 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - Meet with Business and government leaders to discuss public policy affecting U.S. and Italy
Total Cost - $5,435.00

FOLEY, MARK - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (9 days)
Scotland
Purpose - Conference
Total Cost - $3,493.00

FOLEY, MARK - Republican Party
February 15, 2002 - February 19, 2002 (5 days)
San Francisco, CA - Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - reviewing high tech industries
Total Cost - $4,264.69

GORDON, BARTON JENNINGS - Democratic Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - Ripon Educational Fund Transatlantic Conference in London, England
Total Cost - $18,683.00

GRANGER, KAY N - Republican Party
November 25, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (8 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - ????
Total Cost - $5,400.00

GREENWOOD, JAMES C - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - Transatlantic Policy Network bringing together corporate, government and academia on both sides of the Atlantic
Total Cost - $9,050.00

GREENWOOD, JAMES C - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (9 days)
Scotland
Purpose - To discuss public policy issues that affect relations between the US and Scotland.
Total Cost - $11,935.66

GREENWOOD, JAMES C - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - 2003 Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $16,055.00

HART, MELISSA - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - Transatlantic conference in London
Total Cost - $10,524.20

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - legislative conference
Total Cost - $9,050.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
August 11, 2001 - August 27, 2001 (17 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - 2001 Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $12,286.16

HOBSON, DAVID LEE - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 20, 2001 (11 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - 2001 Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $19,571.56

JOHNSON, NANCY L - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - 2000 TransAtlantic Conference
Total Cost - $9,120.00

JOHNSON, NANCY L - Republican Party
August 5, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (14 days)
Scotland
Purpose - 2001 Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $15,203.99

JOHNSON, NANCY L - Republican Party
February 15, 2002 - February 19, 2002 (5 days)
San Francisco, CA
Purpose - Ripon Society 2002 listening tour
Total Cost - $8,877.82

KELLY, SUE W - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - To participate in 2003 Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $18,650.40

LINDER, JOHN - Republican Party
November 15, 2002 - November 23, 2002 (9 days)
Vienna, Austria
Purpose - Fact finding
Total Cost - $10,292.24

MCCRERY, JAMES OTIS III - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - fact-finding
Total Cost - $20,809.00

NEY, ROBERT W - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 1, 2000 (8 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - 2000 Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $5,400.00

OXLEY, MICHAEL G - Republican Party
November 25, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (8 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - Meetings with U.S. government/European counterparts on biotechnology, e-commerce, healthcare and other important issues
Total Cost - $9,900.00

OXLEY, MICHAEL G - Republican Party
November 21, 2000 - November 24, 2000 (4 days)
Venice, Italy
Purpose - Board meeting to discuss possible future sights and topics for Ripon Educational Fund Transatlantic Executive Committee
Total Cost - $4,500.00

OXLEY, MICHAEL G - Republican Party
August 9, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (10 days)
Pershire, Scotland - Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - Transatlantic Conference - fact finding
Total Cost - $13,672.40

OXLEY, MICHAEL G - Republican Party
August 15, 2003 - August 16, 2003 (2 days)
London, England
Purpose - transatlantic meeting with European Leadership
Total Cost - $15,175.28

PRYCE, DEBORAH D - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - Discussion of the U.S. and European economies and interests
Total Cost - $9,050.00

REYNOLDS, THOMAS M - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - Congressional participant in 2000 TransAtlantic Conference
Total Cost - $9,120.00

REYNOLDS, THOMAS M - Republican Party
August 11, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (8 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - participation in Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $3,549.27

REYNOLDS, THOMAS M - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - participation in panel discussions and debates
Total Cost - $15,174.88

ROGERS, HAROLD DALLAS - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - conference with government and business leaders to discuss issues affecting the relationship between the U.S. and Great Britain
Total Cost - $5,536.86

SHAW, CLAY - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 1, 2000 (8 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - Fact-finding and to speak on trade implications of social policy pension reform
Total Cost - $5,894.00

SHAW, CLAY - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 17, 2001 (8 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - meetings with business and govt. leaders on public policy issues that affect US - Scotland relations
Total Cost - $5,105.00

SHAW, CLAY - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
Shannon, Ireland - London, England - Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - to meet with government and business leaders to discuss public policy issues that affect relations between U.S. & Great Britain.m. Also to meet with British secretary for labor & pensions to discuss social security.
Total Cost - $5,944.88

THOMAS, WILLIAM M - Republican Party
August 18, 2001 - August 24, 2001 (7 days)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Purpose - speech and fact-finding
Total Cost - $23,874.84

THOMAS, WILLIAM M - Republican Party
February 18, 2002 - February 18, 2002 (1 days)
Thousand Oaks, CA
Purpose - healthcare remarks and tour of healthcare facility
Total Cost - $644.00

UPTON, FREDERICK STEPHEN - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 4, 2000 (11 days)
Rome, Italy - Venice, Italy
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $9,050.00

WHITFIELD, ED - Republican Party
November 27, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (6 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - TransAtlantic Conference-MTGS with Italian govt officials
Total Cost - $9,120.00

WHITFIELD, ED - Republican Party
August 8, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (11 days)
Scotland
Purpose - speech to members of Scottish Parliament and the European Parliament on Kyoto and energy issues
Total Cost - $11,357.16

WHITFIELD, ED - Republican Party
February 16, 2002 - February 19, 2002 (4 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - discussion with entertainment, technology and healthcare industry officials regarding public policy issues facing these industries as it is impact on job creation.
Total Cost - $4,732.02

NICKLES, DONALD LEE - Republican Party
November 24, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - keynote speaker
Total Cost - $12,200.00

NICKLES, DONALD LEE - Republican Party
August 10, 2001 - August 18, 2001 (9 days)
Scotland
Purpose - speech/participate in 2001 transatlantic conference
Total Cost - $12,187.16

NICKLES, DONALD LEE - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - Speaking engagement
Total Cost - $10,208.36

ROBERTS, PAT - Republican Party
November 23, 2000 - December 1, 2000 (9 days)
Rome, Italy
Purpose - participate in 2000 transatlantic conference
Total Cost - $12,970.00

ROBERTS, PAT - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - Cochair of conference and speaker
Total Cost - $19,312.36

SMITH, GORDON HAROLD - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - Speech, participate in Round Tables
Total Cost - $11,715.68

FOLEY, MARK - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2005 (5 days)
FL
Purpose - 2005 Congressional Advisory Board Policy Conference - Speaking participation
Total Cost - $1,669.93

FERGUSON, MIKE - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2005 (5 days)
Miami, FL
Purpose - 2005 Congressional Advisory Board Policy Conference
Total Cost - $5,778.26

BACHUS, SPENCER T - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2005 (5 days)
Key Biscayne, FL
Purpose - Policy conference
Total Cost - $2,377.51

OXLEY, MICHAEL G - Republican Party
November 8, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (5 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - 2004 Transatlantic Conference Panel Participant
Total Cost - $8,382.06

WHITFIELD, ED - Republican Party
November 3, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (10 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - Educational/fact finding
Total Cost - $9,255.51

CRANE, PHILIP M - Republican Party
November 6, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (7 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - To discuss various international tax and trade issues with EU officials
Total Cost - $19,043.49

GOODLATTE, ROBERT W - Republican Party
November 6, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (7 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - To participate in Transatlantic Conference with officials of European governments
Total Cost - $15,242.03

MILLER, CANDICE S - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2005 (5 days)
Key Biscayne, FL
Purpose - Discussion of public policy issues with other Members of Congress
Total Cost - $4,578.16

LINDER, JOHN - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 15, 2005 (4 days)
Key Biscayne, FL
Purpose - Speaking engagement
Total Cost - $2,654.20

JOHNSON, NANCY L - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2005 (5 days)
Miami, FL
Purpose - 2005 Congressional Advisory Board
Total Cost - $4,237.71

HOBSON, DAVID LEE - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2005 (5 days)
Key Biscayne, FL
Purpose - 2005 Congressional Advisory Board Policy Conference
Total Cost - $2,537.31

GRASSLEY, CHARLES E - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 16, 2005 (5 days)
Key Biscayne, FL
Purpose - 2005 Congressional Advisory Board Policy Conference
Total Cost - $4,313.91

HATCH, ORRIN GRANT - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 15, 2005 (4 days)
Key Biscayne, FL
Purpose - 2005 Congressional Advisory Board Policy Conference
Total Cost - $2,581.73

SMITH, GORDON HAROLD - Republican Party
January 12, 2005 - January 14, 2005 (3 days)
Miami, FL
Purpose - Speech, participate in roundtable discussions
Total Cost - $2,099.58

BACHUS, SPENCER T - Republican Party
October 29, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (15 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - Fact finding
Total Cost - $9,023.26

BARRETT, JAMES GRESHAM - Republican Party
November 7, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (6 days)
Frankfurt, Germany - Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - To participate in panel discussions for the Trans Atlantic Conference regarding a knowledge-based, global economy
Total Cost - $9,217.31

HART, MELISSA - Republican Party
November 7, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (6 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - To participate in a program consisting of panel discussions and debates regarding important issues that impact both the US and European economies and interests
Total Cost - $5,341.46

LINDER, JOHN - Republican Party
November 6, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (7 days)
Frankfurt, Germany - Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - Fact-finding
Total Cost - $9,217.31

LINDER, JOHN - Republican Party
August 10, 2003 - August 15, 2003 (6 days)
London, England
Purpose - Fact finding trip
Total Cost - $18,785.02

FOLEY, MARK - Republican Party
August 1, 2004 - August 3, 2004 (3 days)
Chicago, IL
Purpose - Washington, DC - Chicago, IL - Washington, DC
Total Cost - $1,643.64

LUCAS, FRANK D - Republican Party
November 6, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (7 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - Attendance at the 2004 Transatlantic Conference
Total Cost - $9,217.31

KNOLLENBERG, JOSEPH K - Republican Party
November 6, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (7 days)
Budapest, Hungary
Purpose - Fact finding
Total Cost - $9,217.31

KELLY, SUE W - Republican Party
September 8, 2005 - September 9, 2005 (2 days)
Philadelphia, PA
Purpose - Attend the 2005 National Listening Tour in Philadelphia, PA
Total Cost - $1,236.30

JOHNSON, NANCY L - Republican Party
September 8, 2005 - September 9, 2005 (2 days)
Philadelphia, PA
Purpose - To learn about current developments in technology in the medical, technical, and energy fields
Total Cost - $899.69

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.