American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

Back to all reports

Hidalgo Chamber of Commerce - Borderfest Border Texan of the Year Committee - $320,628.97 spent on 92 trips
57.3% spent on Democratic Party
0.0% spent on Independent Party
42.7% spent on Republican Party

ACEVEDO-VILA, ANIBAL - Democratic Party
February 18, 2001 - February 21, 2001 (4 days)
Mexico City, Mexico - Dallas, TX
Purpose - meeting with President Vincente Fox and other government officials and businessmen
Total Cost - $1,369.89

BLILEY, TOM - Republican Party
May 19, 2000 - May 20, 2000 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - Educational, legislative on online privacy
Total Cost - $472.12

BLUNT, ROY - Republican Party
February 24, 2002 - February 25, 2002 (2 days)
Boca Raton, FL
Purpose - speaking engagement
Total Cost - $1,886.70

BOUCHER, FREDRICK C - Democratic Party
May 31, 2000 - June 2, 2000 (3 days)
Mexico City, Mexico - Oaxaca, Mexico
Purpose - Presentations at two forums on current Internet policy debates in Congress
Total Cost - $937.00

BROWN, HENRY E JR - Republican Party
April 29, 2004 - May 2, 2004 (4 days)
Myrtle Beach, SC
Purpose - to examine the need to Myrtle Beach, SC to get interstate access and other transportation needs.
Total Cost - $1,430.00

CANADY, CHARLES T - Republican Party
May 19, 2000 - May 21, 2000 (3 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - Summit to discuss privacy issues
Total Cost - $944.24

CAPUANO, MICHAEL EVERETT - Democratic Party
July 12, 2001 - July 13, 2001 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - Educational - attached letter states was on 'online privacy'
Total Cost - $1,088.66

CAPUANO, MICHAEL EVERETT - Democratic Party
July 20, 2001 - July 21, 2001 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - educational
Total Cost - $689.24

CARSON, BRAD - Democratic Party
June 29, 2002 - June 30, 2002 (2 days)
Sioux Falls, SD
Purpose - to accept 2002 Ten Outstanding Young American Award
Total Cost - $2,868.28

CLAYTON, EVA - Democratic Party
March 24, 2002 - March 31, 2002 (8 days)
Doha, Qatar
Co-sponsor(s): Islamic Free Market Institute Foundation
Purpose - fact-finding and educational mission
Total Cost - $8,900.51

COBLE, JOHN HOWARD - Republican Party
March 28, 2002 - March 31, 2002 (4 days)
London, England - Doha, Qatar - Lisbon, Portugal
Co-sponsor(s): Islamic Free Market Institute Foundation
Purpose - to attend Qatari-American international conference
Total Cost - $9,325.04

DAVIS, THOMAS M III - Republican Party
November 29, 2000 - November 29, 2000 (1 days)
Mexico City, Mexico
Purpose - inauguration of Mexican President -- meetings
Total Cost - $400.00

DINGELL, JOHN D - Democratic Party
May 30, 2000 - June 3, 2000 (5 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - leadership policy conference
Total Cost - $2,501.60

DINGELL, JOHN D - Democratic Party
May 29, 2001 - June 2, 2001 (5 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - Leadership Policy Conference
Total Cost - $365.95

DOOLEY, CALVIN M - Democratic Party
November 7, 2003 - November 12, 2003 (6 days)
Costa Rica
Purpose - Not specified
Total Cost - $6,101.30

EHRLICH, ROBERT LEROY JR - Republican Party
May 19, 2000 - May 20, 2000 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Co-sponsor(s):
Purpose - Golf tournament
Total Cost - $577.18

FORD, HAROLD E JR - Democratic Party
September 29, 2000 - September 29, 2000 (1 days)
Philadelphia, PA
Co-sponsor(s): Philadelphia Tribune
Purpose - Speaking
Total Cost - $142.00

GILMAN, BENJAMIN A - Republican Party
May 10, 2001 - May 13, 2001 (4 days)
Miami, FL - Dominican Republic - Puerto Rico
Co-sponsor(s): National Republican Party of Puerto Rico
Purpose - Participate in the North-East Republican Leadership Conference and speak before the American Chamber of Commerce.
Total Cost - $3,486.77

GOODLATTE, ROBERT W - Republican Party
May 19, 2000 - May 20, 2000 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - to participate in privacy panel
Total Cost - $472.12

GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE' - Democratic Party
July 12, 2001 - July 13, 2001 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - Seminar on online privacy and other Internet issues.
Total Cost - $573.88

GUTKNECHT, GILBERT W JR - Republican Party
February 18, 2004 - February 20, 2004 (3 days)
Munich, Germany
Purpose - fact-finding - speaking engagement
Total Cost - $850.00

JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE - Democratic Party
July 12, 2001 - July 13, 2001 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - Participate in a Privacy Retreat as a panelist
Total Cost - $894.33

KNOLLENBERG, JOSEPH K - Republican Party
June 2, 2000 - June 4, 2000 (3 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - conference
Total Cost - $149.17

LEVIN, SANDER - Democratic Party
June 1, 2002 - June 2, 2002 (2 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - To attend Leadership Policy Conference
Total Cost - $340.70

MCDERMOTT, JAMES A - Democratic Party
January 26, 2001 - January 27, 2001 (2 days)
San Francisco, CA
Purpose - To attend India Republic Day events and to brief the Bay Area Indian-American Community about activities of the Congressional Caucus on India and Indian-American affairs
Total Cost - $465.00

MCDERMOTT, JAMES A - Democratic Party
May 25, 2001 - June 2, 2001 (9 days)
Stockholm, Sweden
Purpose - 2001 Greater Searrle International Study Mission
Total Cost - $4,050.00

MCDERMOTT, JAMES A - Democratic Party
March 25, 2002 - March 30, 2002 (6 days)
New Delhi, India
Purpose - fact-finding conference
Total Cost - $9,959.50

MCINTYRE, MIKE - Democratic Party
June 4, 2000 - June 5, 2000 (2 days)
Charlotte, NC
Purpose - Speaking engagement related to official duties
Total Cost - $582.61

MENENDEZ, ROBERT - Democratic Party
February 17, 2001 - February 20, 2001 (4 days)
Mexico City, Mexico
Purpose - meeting with new Mexican President and Gov't officials
Total Cost - $2,834.00

MORAN, JAMES P JR - Democratic Party
July 20, 2001 - July 21, 2001 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Co-sponsor(s):
Purpose - Annual Privacy Retreat
Total Cost - $575.00

PALLONE, FRANK JR - Democratic Party
January 4, 2004 - January 12, 2004 (9 days)
Mumbai, India
Co-sponsor(s): Indo-American Society
Purpose - to promote US-India economic relations and to receive an award from the Indo-American Society.
Total Cost - $6,350.00

PALLONE, FRANK JR - Democratic Party
March 24, 2002 - March 28, 2002 (5 days)
New Delhi, India
Purpose - receive Padma Bhushan award
Total Cost - $6,896.00

PASTOR, EDWARD L - Democratic Party
November 29, 2000 - December 2, 2000 (4 days)
Mexico City, Mexico
Purpose - Inauguration of President of Mexico and meeting with Mexican senators and representatives and business leaders
Total Cost - $760.00

RADANOVICH, GEORGE - Republican Party
January 8, 2000 - January 16, 2000 (9 days)
Saipan, Northern Marianas Islands
Purpose - Fact-finding and speech to chamber's annual dinner
Total Cost - $11,280.00

RAHALL, NICK J II - Democratic Party
July 20, 2001 - July 22, 2001 (3 days)
Leesburg, VA
Co-sponsor(s):
Purpose - Participate in the NFC's retreat
Total Cost - $573.88

SANCHEZ, LORETTA - Democratic Party
February 18, 2001 - February 21, 2001 (4 days)
Mexico City, Mexico - McAllen, TX
Purpose - meetings
Total Cost - $1,488.54

SANCHEZ, LORETTA - Democratic Party
April 10, 2001 - April 16, 2001 (7 days)
China - Hong Kong - Taiwan
Co-sponsor(s): Sino-American Goodwill Association, Chinese Peoples' Institute of Foreign Affairs, Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Purpose - fact finding - trade promotion
Total Cost - $4,853.96

STABENOW, DEBBIE - Democratic Party
June 1, 2000 - June 2, 2000 (2 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - congressional panel speaker
Total Cost - $917.90

TAUZIN, WILBERT J II - Republican Party
May 19, 2000 - May 20, 2000 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - conference
Total Cost - $1,149.28

TIAHRT, TODD W - Republican Party
May 19, 2000 - May 20, 2000 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - Not specified
Total Cost - $577.18

UPTON, FREDERICK STEPHEN - Republican Party
June 1, 2001 - June 3, 2001 (3 days)
Detroit, MI
Purpose - Meetings with business and community leaders and other government officials
Total Cost - $1,471.40

WATERS, MAXINE - Democratic Party
February 20, 2003 - February 21, 2003 (2 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - keynote speaker at Mpowerment luncheon
Total Cost - $5,322.81

WELLER, GERALD C JERRY - Republican Party
May 19, 2000 - May 20, 2000 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Co-sponsor(s):
Purpose - speak at summit
Total Cost - $1,073.05

WELLER, GERALD C JERRY - Republican Party
March 12, 2001 - March 12, 2001 (1 days)
Leesburg, VA
Co-sponsor(s):
Purpose - participate in privacy summit
Total Cost - $137.91

WELLER, GERALD C JERRY - Republican Party
June 28, 2003 - July 3, 2003 (6 days)
Colombo, Sri Lanka
Purpose - fact-finding regarding trade issues
Total Cost - $7,212.23

WHITFIELD, ED - Republican Party
March 24, 2002 - April 1, 2002 (9 days)
London, England - Doha, Qatar - Rome, Italy
Co-sponsor(s): Islamic Free Market Institute Foundation
Purpose - conference on trade and Christian/Muslim dialogue. Participated in discussion about impact of WTO on domestic commerce.
Total Cost - $17,643.02

WILSON, HEATHER A - Republican Party
December 4, 2003 - December 5, 2003 (2 days)
Phoenix, AZ
Purpose - 2003 Heritage Award event honoring Craig Barrett
Total Cost - $149.00

DASCHLE, THOMAS ANDREW - Democratic Party
October 29, 2001 - October 29, 2001 (1 days)
Sioux Falls, SD
Purpose - keynote address
Total Cost - $1,100.00

HAGEL, CHARLES T - Republican Party
February 16, 2001 - February 16, 2001 (1 days)
Omaha, NE
Purpose - Honoree for "Headliner of the Year" award and introduction
Total Cost - $1,423.00

LEVIN, CARL - Democratic Party
June 2, 2000 - June 3, 2000 (2 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - attend annual Detroit Chamber of Commerce Conference
Total Cost - $405.26

LEVIN, CARL - Democratic Party
May 29, 2003 - May 30, 2003 (2 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - speaking engagement - conference
Total Cost - $604.22

LINCOLN, BLANCHE LAMBERT - Democratic Party
January 15, 2000 - January 16, 2000 (2 days)
Memphis, TN
Purpose - to receive top ten outstanding young American award
Total Cost - $445.00

NICKLES, DONALD LEE - Republican Party
December 10, 2001 - December 11, 2001 (2 days)
Naples, FL
Purpose - speech
Total Cost - $970.00

WYDEN, RONALD LEE - Democratic Party
July 20, 2001 - July 21, 2001 (2 days)
Leesburg, VA
Purpose - Participate in National Chamber Foundation Consumer Privacy conference
Total Cost - $595.34

BAUCUS, MAX - Democratic Party
February 25, 2001 - February 26, 2001 (2 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - keynote address at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce board meeting re: government policy issues concerning American business
Total Cost - $3,852.55

CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM - Democratic Party
March 25, 2002 - March 27, 2002 (3 days)
Dublin, Ireland
Purpose - fact-finding travel
Total Cost - $6,048.90

STABENOW, DEBBIE - Democratic Party
May 31, 2001 - June 2, 2001 (3 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - To attend the Detroit Regional Chamber Leadership Policy Conference
Total Cost - $1,630.00

STABENOW, DEBBIE - Democratic Party
May 30, 2002 - June 2, 2002 (4 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - To attend the Detroit Regional chamber Leadership Conference
Total Cost - $980.00

STABENOW, DEBBIE - Democratic Party
May 29, 2003 - May 31, 2003 (3 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - To attend the Detroit Regional Chamber Leadership Conference
Total Cost - $1,200.00

STABENOW, DEBBIE - Democratic Party
June 4, 2004 - June 6, 2004 (3 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - To attend Detroit Regional Chamber Leadership Policy Conference
Total Cost - $1,200.00

BOND, CHRISTOPHER S - Republican Party
May 28, 2003 - May 30, 2003 (3 days)
Kansas City, KS
Purpose - Review Science, Housing, Transportation and economic development issues and projects important to the Kansas City area. Kansas City, MO - Kansas City, KS
Total Cost - $939.85

WYNN, ALBERT - Democratic Party
January 31, 2005 - February 1, 2005 (2 days)
Syracuse, NY
Purpose - Discuss innovative environmentally friendly business and economic development issues and to explore possible joint cooperative efforts
Total Cost - $796.00

THOMPSON, BENNIE G - Democratic Party
January 29, 2005 - February 1, 2005 (4 days)
Syracuse, NY
Purpose - To provide insight on the importance of environmentally friendly economic development issues and the opportunity to explore potential cooperation with the US Chamber of Commerce
Total Cost - $1,331.10

JACKSON, JESSE JR - Democratic Party
January 29, 2005 - January 30, 2005 (2 days)
Syracuse, NY
Purpose - Legislative briefing on environmental/economic development issues
Total Cost - $1,549.72

BAYH, EVAN - Democratic Party
November 21, 2004 - November 28, 2004 (8 days)
Delhi, India - Bangalore, India - Mumbai, India - Agra, India
Purpose - Educational & Fact-finding trip to India
Total Cost - $17,692.48

CORNYN, JOHN - Republican Party
March 1, 2005 - March 2, 2005 (2 days)
Hidalgo, TX
Purpose - Receive 2005 Border Texan of the Year Award and speech
Total Cost - $22,000.00

BALDWIN, TAMMY - Democratic Party
April 14, 2005 - April 15, 2005 (2 days)
Detroit, MI
Purpose - Panelist: Health Care Panel Discussion
Total Cost - $924.85

WHITFIELD, ED - Republican Party
March 25, 2005 - March 31, 2005 (7 days)
Doha, Qatar
Co-sponsor(s): Islamic Free Market Institute Foundation
Purpose - Attend fifth annual forum on Democracy and free trade in Doha, Qatar
Total Cost - $20,132.90

MEEKS, GREGORY W - Democratic Party
March 19, 2005 - March 25, 2005 (7 days)
Egypt
Purpose - Fact-finding
Total Cost - $9,243.00

LEE, BARBARA - Democratic Party
March 19, 2005 - March 25, 2005 (7 days)
Cairo, Egypt
Purpose - Fact finding
Total Cost - $10,563.00

KILPATRICK, CAROLYN CHEEKS - Democratic Party
March 19, 2005 - March 25, 2005 (7 days)
Cairo, Egypt
Purpose - Fact finding
Total Cost - $9,713.00

KELLY, SUE W - Republican Party
March 26, 2005 - March 30, 2005 (5 days)
Doha, Qatar
Co-sponsor(s): Islamic Free Market Institute Foundation
Purpose - Attend Fifth Annual Forum on Democracy and Free Trade in Doha, Qatar
Total Cost - $8,854.70

JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS - Democratic Party
December 6, 2004 - December 9, 2004 (4 days)
Phoenix, AZ
Purpose - Keynote speaker
Total Cost - $825.00

HOYER, STENY HAMILTON - Democratic Party
March 3, 2000 - March 5, 2000 (3 days)
Birmingham, AL - Montgomery, AL - Selma, AL
Co-sponsor(s): Faith and Politics Institute, Alabama Power Company, Delta Air Lines Inc, Coca Cola Enterprises Inc, Daimler Chrysler, Fannie Mae, General Motors, Caterpillar Inc, Pew Charitable Trust, Microsoft
Purpose - Alabama Pilgrimage to celebrate 35th Anniversary of '65 Voting Rights Act March
Total Cost - $989.00

LINDER, JOHN - Republican Party
February 23, 2004 - February 24, 2004 (2 days)
West Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Speaking engagement
Total Cost - $1,681.00

LEE, SHEILA JACKSON - Democratic Party
March 19, 2005 - March 25, 2005 (7 days)
Cairo, Egypt - Paris, France
Purpose - To maintain bi-lateral relations between the US and Egypt
Total Cost - $9,603.00

ISSA, DARRELL EDWARD - Republican Party
March 25, 2005 - April 4, 2005 (11 days)
Amman, Jordan - Beirut, Lebanon - Doha, Qatar
Co-sponsor(s): American Task Force for Lebanon (ATFL), Islamic Free Market Institute Foundation
Purpose - Fact finding, attend annual forum on Democracy and free trade in Doha
Total Cost - $18,137.00

GUTIERREZ, LUIS V - Democratic Party
January 29, 2004 - February 2, 2004 (5 days)
Acapulco, Mexico
Purpose - Immigration forum and presentation
Total Cost - $935.00

GUTIERREZ, LUIS V - Democratic Party
January 16, 2003 - January 19, 2003 (4 days)
Guadalajara, Mexico - Jalisco, Mexico
Purpose - Leadership Training
Total Cost - $941.00

JEFFERSON, WILLIAM JENNINGS - Democratic Party
March 19, 2005 - March 25, 2005 (7 days)
Egypt
Purpose - CRC CODEL to Egypt for meetings with government officials on trade policy and foreign relations policy
Total Cost - $13,314.00

JEFFERSON, WILLIAM JENNINGS - Democratic Party
March 28, 2005 - March 30, 2005 (3 days)
Doha, Qatar
Co-sponsor(s): Islamic Free Market Institute Foundation
Purpose - Participate in fifth annual forum on Democracy and Free Trade in Doha, Qatar
Total Cost - $10,303.50

LEVIN, SANDER - Democratic Party
June 3, 2004 - June 6, 2004 (4 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - Participate in policy conference
Total Cost - $765.18

DINGELL, JOHN D - Democratic Party
June 2, 2005 - June 4, 2005 (3 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - Leadership policy conference
Total Cost - $1,512.76

STABENOW, DEBBIE - Democratic Party
June 2, 2005 - June 3, 2005 (2 days)
Mackinac Island, MI
Purpose - To attend Detroit Regional Chamber Leadership Policy Conference
Total Cost - $2,230.00

BONNER, JOSIAH ROBINS JR - Republican Party
June 10, 2005 - June 13, 2005 (4 days)
Paris, France
Co-sponsor(s): Mobile Airport Authority
Purpose -
Total Cost - $1,942.55

ADERHOLT, ROBERT B - Republican Party
August 24, 2005 - August 24, 2005 (1 days)
Oneonta, AL
Purpose - Speak to Chamber breakfast
Total Cost - $87.16

SALAZAR, KEN - Democratic Party
August 26, 2005 - August 27, 2005 (2 days)
Pueblo, CO
Purpose - Annual elected officials event sponsored by Pueblo Chamber of Commerce
Total Cost - $79.00

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.