American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

Back to all reports

Assn of American Railroads - $417,949.38 spent on 114 trips
53.6% spent on Democratic Party
0.0% spent on Independent Party
46.4% spent on Republican Party

BACHUS, SPENCER T - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 18, 2004 (3 days)
La Jolla, CA
Purpose - AAR Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $2,043.70

BARTON, JOE L - Republican Party
January 18, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (4 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - legislative conference on panel discussion
Total Cost - $2,260.00

BARTON, JOE L - Republican Party
January 17, 2003 - January 19, 2003 (3 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - Participate in the Energy and Environment Congressional Panel
Total Cost - $2,237.50

BATEMAN, HERBERT H - Republican Party
January 21, 2000 - January 23, 2000 (3 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - Legislative conference
Total Cost - $6,212.22

BORSKI, ROBERT A - Democratic Party
July 5, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (5 days)
Casper, WY - Cody, WY - Jackson Hole, WY
Co-sponsor(s): Burlington Northern Santa Fe
Purpose - Attend the AAR Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $7,080.00

BOSWELL, LEONARD L - Democratic Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Pebble Beach, CA
Purpose - Legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,262.00

BROWN, CORRINE - Democratic Party
January 21, 2000 - January 24, 2000 (4 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - Speaker at legislative conference
Total Cost - $5,014.02

BROWN, CORRINE - Democratic Party
February 22, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (4 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - Participate in conference which will provide overview of the condition of railroads and examine current transportation and policy issues
Total Cost - $3,817.00

BROWN, CORRINE - Democratic Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Los Angeles, CA - Monterey, CA
Purpose - Speak at legislative conference on legislative issues before the committee on transportation and infrastructure.
Total Cost - $7,731.00

BROWN, CORRINE - Democratic Party
January 17, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (4 days)
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - Speaker at legislative conference examining the current transportation policy issues by railroad industry officials.
Total Cost - $3,702.21

BROWN, CORRINE - Democratic Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
San Diego, CA
Purpose - speaker at legislative conference to provide overview of the condition of railroads and to examine current transportation policy issues
Total Cost - $5,429.80

BUYER, STEVE - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
Santa Fe, NM - San Diego, CA
Purpose - learn about railroad industry and participate in legislative conference.
Total Cost - $1,498.00

CALLAHAN, HERBERT L - Republican Party
July 4, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (6 days)
Jackson Hole, WY - Moran, WY
Purpose - Speaker and participant at legislative conference
Total Cost - $6,020.00

CALLAHAN, HERBERT L - Republican Party
February 18, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (8 days)
Las Vegas, NV
Purpose - Participant at legislative conference; speaker at session
Total Cost - $2,768.50

CLEMENT, BOB - Democratic Party
July 5, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (5 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Legislative conference
Total Cost - $2,421.00

CLEMENT, BOB - Democratic Party
February 23, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (3 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - Legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,370.50

CLEMENT, BOB - Democratic Party
January 18, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (4 days)
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $3,158.80

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
April 28, 2000 - April 30, 2000 (3 days)
Kiawah Island, SC
Purpose - Legislative Conference to inform Members of Congress on Rail Issues
Total Cost - $480.00

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
January 21, 2000 - January 21, 2000 (1 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - Panelist on Infrastructure Issues for the Association of American Railroads Conference
Total Cost - $5,300.00

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Legislative conference to inform Members on rail issues
Total Cost - $5,076.00

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
February 23, 2001 - February 26, 2001 (4 days)
Chicago, IL
Purpose - Legislative conference to inform Members on rail issues
Total Cost - $6,958.25

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
January 18, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (4 days)
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - Legislative Conference to inform members of Congress of rail issues
Total Cost - $4,411.00

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
January 19, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (2 days)
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - Legislative conference to inform members of rail issues
Total Cost - $3,949.00

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
January 16, 2004 - January 18, 2004 (3 days)
Columbia, SC
Purpose - attend/participate in legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,395.40

COLLINS, MICHAEL E - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 8, 2001 (3 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Overview of the railroads and transport policy issues
Total Cost - $5,122.00

COLLINS, MICHAEL E - Republican Party
January 18, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (3 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - Overview of the condition of railroads - transport policy issues also tax proposals, RR retirement, economic regs. Etc
Total Cost - $2,700.00

COSTELLO, JERRY F - Democratic Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Fact finding trip regarding rail issues
Total Cost - $2,950.00

COSTELLO, JERRY F - Democratic Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Pebble Beach, CA
Purpose - Participate in Association of American Railroads' legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,360.00

CRANE, PHILIP M - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
Las Vegas, NV - San Diego, CA
Purpose - To participate in the annual Legislative Conference, which provides a comprehensive overview of the condition of the railroads and an examination of current transportation policy issues, including rail safety, economic regulation, environmental issues, ta
Total Cost - $6,673.80

DEFAZIO, PETER A - Democratic Party
January 21, 2000 - January 24, 2000 (4 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - AAR's Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $4,417.93

DUNCAN, JOHN REP JR - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
La Jolla, CA
Purpose - Participation in panel discussions - Association of American Railroads Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $4,316.20

DUNCAN, JOHN REP JR - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Participation in panel discussions at legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,285.00

DUNCAN, JOHN REP JR - Republican Party
January 18, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (4 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - speak during legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,468.00

DUNCAN, JOHN REP JR - Republican Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Pebble Beach, CA
Purpose - Participate in panel discussions on transportation issues 'Association of American Railroads Conference,
Total Cost - $7,119.00

EHLERS, VERNON J - Republican Party
January 16, 2003 - January 19, 2003 (4 days)
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - Speech to members of American Association of Railroads
Total Cost - $1,248.00

EHRLICH, ROBERT LEROY JR - Republican Party
February 23, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (3 days)
Phoenix, AZ
Purpose - Participate in conference
Total Cost - $1,700.00

ENGEL, ELIOT - Democratic Party
July 3, 2001 - July 10, 2001 (8 days)
MT - WY
Purpose - to attend legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,102.05

ENGEL, ELIOT - Democratic Party
January 17, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (5 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - Participate in 2002 legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,742.24

ENGEL, ELIOT - Democratic Party
January 12, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (8 days)
Las Vegas, NV - La Jolla, CA - FL
Purpose - participate in AAR's Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $4,035.29

ENGLISH, PHILIP S - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Panel presentation on tax and railroad retirement.
Total Cost - $5,060.00

EWING, THOMAS W - Republican Party
January 21, 2000 - January 23, 2000 (3 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $6,470.17

GRANGER, KAY N - Republican Party
January 21, 2000 - January 23, 2000 (3 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Co-sponsor(s): Burlington Northern Santa Fe
Purpose - Speech at their annual legislative conference
Total Cost - $2,704.00

GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE' - Democratic Party
April 28, 2000 - April 30, 2000 (3 days)
Kiawah Island, SC
Purpose - Education trip to learn and discuss U.S. railroads issues
Total Cost - $3,520.00

GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE' - Democratic Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Legislative conference to discuss energy and transportation issues.
Total Cost - $4,699.00

GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE' - Democratic Party
January 18, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (3 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $2,801.50

GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE' - Democratic Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Pebble Beach, CA
Purpose - American Association of Railroads legislative conference
Total Cost - $5,040.80

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
April 28, 2000 - April 30, 2000 (3 days)
Kiawah Island, SC
Purpose - legislative conference
Total Cost - $2,952.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Legislative Conference.
Total Cost - $5,470.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
February 23, 2001 - February 26, 2001 (4 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - Legislative conference.
Total Cost - $2,823.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
San Diego, CA
Purpose - legislative conference
Total Cost - $1,805.06

HOLDEN, TIM - Democratic Party
July 5, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (5 days)
Casper, WY - Cody, WY - Jackson Hole, WY
Co-sponsor(s): Burlington Northern Santa Fe
Purpose - Attend the AAR legislative conference.
Total Cost - $6,150.56

JOHNSON, EDDIE BERNICE - Democratic Party
February 23, 2001 - February 26, 2001 (4 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - One of the guest speakers at conference
Total Cost - $1,825.00

JOHNSON, SAMUEL ROBERT - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Speaking at conference
Total Cost - $6,345.25

LIPINSKI, WILLIAM O - Democratic Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Fact-finding conference
Total Cost - $3,772.00

LIPINSKI, WILLIAM O - Democratic Party
February 23, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (3 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - Fact-finding
Total Cost - $3,471.50

LIPINSKI, WILLIAM O - Democratic Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Pebble Beach, CA
Purpose - Fact-finding trip
Total Cost - $2,909.00

MCINNIS, SCOTT - Republican Party
July 5, 2001 - July 8, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Co-sponsor(s): Burlington Northern Santa Fe
Purpose - fact finding and conference speaker
Total Cost - $4,113.21

MCINNIS, SCOTT - Republican Party
February 23, 2001 - February 26, 2001 (4 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - Participation on Legislative Conference Panel
Total Cost - $3,533.53

MCINNIS, SCOTT - Republican Party
January 18, 2002 - January 22, 2002 (5 days)
Miami, FL
Purpose - speech
Total Cost - $5,950.30

MCINNIS, SCOTT - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
La Jolla, CA
Purpose - panelist of legislative conference
Total Cost - $1,898.00

MENENDEZ, ROBERT - Democratic Party
January 18, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (4 days)
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - To participate in conference, speaking role
Total Cost - $3,953.00

MENENDEZ, ROBERT - Democratic Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Los Angeles, CA
Purpose - Speak at Conference
Total Cost - $7,617.00

NADLER, JERROLD LEWIS - Democratic Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - participate in legislative conference
Total Cost - $5,509.00

NADLER, JERROLD LEWIS - Democratic Party
April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Pebble Beach, CA
Purpose - participate in panel discussion at legislative conference
Total Cost - $6,631.00

NEAL, RICHARD E - Democratic Party
February 23, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (3 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - Legislative issues conference
Total Cost - $1,650.00

OBERSTAR, JAMES L - Democratic Party
January 18, 2002 - January 20, 2002 (3 days)
Miami, FL
Purpose - participate in panel discussion on infrastructure issues
Total Cost - $3,867.37

PASTOR, EDWARD L - Democratic Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Railroad legislative issues
Total Cost - $2,645.00

PETRI, TOM - Republican Party
January 21, 2000 - January 22, 2000 (2 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - speak to legislative conference
Total Cost - $2,078.00

PETRI, TOM - Republican Party
January 17, 2004 - January 18, 2004 (2 days)
Denver, CO
Purpose - AAR's Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $1,027.63

QUINN, JACK - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - Legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,695.00

QUINN, JACK - Republican Party
February 23, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (3 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - Legislative conference
Total Cost - $2,364.50

QUINN, JACK - Republican Party
January 17, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (4 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - legislative conference
Total Cost - $2,656.91

REGULA, RALPH S - Republican Party
January 17, 2002 - January 19, 2002 (3 days)
Miami, FL
Purpose - legislative conference
Total Cost - $1,684.34

ROGERS, HAROLD DALLAS - Republican Party
January 20, 2000 - January 24, 2000 (5 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - Participate in legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,872.00

ROGERS, HAROLD DALLAS - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Moran, WY
Purpose - attend the Association of American Railroads legislative conference and participate in panel discussions on issues related to transportation
Total Cost - $3,420.00

ROGERS, HAROLD DALLAS - Republican Party
February 26, 2001 - February 27, 2001 (2 days)
Washington, DC
Purpose - participate in legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,675.50

ROGERS, HAROLD DALLAS - Republican Party
January 18, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (4 days)
Fort Lauderdale, FL
Purpose - Association of American Railroads legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,635.00

ROGERS, HAROLD DALLAS - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
San Diego, CA
Purpose - participate in the Association of American Railroads Conference
Total Cost - $4,218.00

SABO, MARTIN OLAV - Democratic Party
February 21, 2001 - February 26, 2001 (6 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - to participate in legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,104.00

THUNE, JOHN - Republican Party
February 23, 2001 - February 26, 2001 (4 days)
Scottsdale, AZ
Purpose - legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,331.00

WELLER, GERALD C JERRY - Republican Party
April 27, 2000 - May 1, 2000 (5 days)
Kiawah Island, SC
Purpose - participate and speak at conference
Total Cost - $1,881.77

WELLER, GERALD C JERRY - Republican Party
July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Jackson Hole, WY
Purpose - speak to their legislative conference
Total Cost - $1,911.25

WELLER, GERALD C JERRY - Republican Party
January 19, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (3 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - speak at their legislative conference
Total Cost - $2,510.00

YOUNG, DON E - Republican Party
January 17, 2003 - January 18, 2003 (2 days)
Miami, FL
Purpose - legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,076.00

BREAUX, JOHN B - Democratic Party
January 17, 2002 - January 21, 2002 (5 days)
Naples, FL
Purpose - Speak at annual conference
Total Cost - $1,824.82

BREAUX, JOHN B - Democratic Party
January 17, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (4 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - To participate in an address AAR's legislative conference.
Total Cost - $3,717.50

LOTT, TRENT - Republican Party
January 17, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (4 days)
Ventura, FL
Purpose - Legislative speaking engagement to Railroad Industry
Total Cost - $3,180.00

REID, HARRY - Democratic Party
January 17, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (4 days)
Aventura, FL
Purpose - Speaking engagement
Total Cost - $2,496.00

ENGEL, ELIOT - Democratic Party
February 18, 2005 - February 22, 2005 (5 days)
FL
Purpose - Participate in and attend the Association of American Railroad's Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $3,941.22

BROWN, CORRINE - Democratic Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Speak at the conference to provide an overview of the condition of the railroads and to examine current transportation policy issues.
Total Cost - $2,601.40

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Participant in legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,138.20

QUINN, JACK - Republican Party
November 8, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (3 days)
Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Speaker on panel and site visit - Annual conference for legislation - Discussion of TEALU Bill in 2005 and grade crossing safety. Also discussed and visited remote control devices
Total Cost - $2,298.60

RAHALL, NICK J II - Democratic Party
November 6, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (5 days)
Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Speech
Total Cost - $3,474.90

WYNN, ALBERT - Democratic Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
West Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Speaker at Annual Convention
Total Cost - $3,394.40

CLYBURN, JAMES E - Democratic Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
West Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Participate in legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,239.00

GRAVES, SAMUEL B (SAM) - Republican Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Legislative Conference where Representative Graves was the keynote speaker
Total Cost - $2,633.66

THOMPSON, BENNIE G - Democratic Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - To discuss the condition of the railroad systems & exam the current transportation policy issues by the railroad industry officials. In addition to discuss such issues as economic regulations, energy & environment, tax proposals & rail safety & security
Total Cost - $4,029.60

ROGERS, HAROLD DALLAS - Republican Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Participate in the Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $4,112.00

MCNULTY, MICHAEL R - Democratic Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $2,758.90

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Annual conference. Congressman Herger invited as a speaker
Total Cost - $5,697.40

ALLARD, A WAYNE - Republican Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Attending the Association of American Railroads' Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $4,085.60

LINCOLN, BLANCHE LAMBERT - Democratic Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Spoke to Association of American Railroads' Legislative Conference on transportation infrastructure
Total Cost - $3,965.80

LOTT, TRENT - Republican Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $2,442.20

LOTT, TRENT - Republican Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Address Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $2,069.00

THUNE, JOHN - Republican Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Attend a legislative conference
Total Cost - $4,847.00

PORTER, JON C SR - Republican Party
February 19, 2005 - February 20, 2005 (2 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - not specified
Total Cost - $807.90

ADERHOLT, ROBERT B - Republican Party
February 18, 2005 - February 21, 2005 (4 days)
Orlando, FL
Purpose - Speak at Legislative Conference
Total Cost - $3,886.92

BLUMENAUER, EARL - Democratic Party
November 7, 2004 - November 8, 2004 (2 days)
FL
Purpose - Attend the Railroad Leg. Conference in Florida
Total Cost - $1,525.20

BROWN, CORRINE - Democratic Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
West Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Speak at conference examining the current transportation policy issues by railroad industry officials
Total Cost - $2,917.40

SLAUGHTER, LOUISE M - Democratic Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - Speaking on panel
Total Cost - $3,205.00

HOLDEN, TIM - Democratic Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
FL
Purpose - To provide a comprehensive overview of the condition of the railroads and an examination of current transportation policy issues
Total Cost - $5,318.80

GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE' - Democratic Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
West Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - To participate in a legislative conference
Total Cost - $3,178.40

LATOURETTE, STEVEN C - Republican Party
November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
West Palm Beach, FL
Purpose - not specified
Total Cost -

STEARNS, CLIFFORD B - Republican Party
January 16, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (4 days)
San Diego, CA
Purpose - not specified
Total Cost -

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.