American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

Back to all reports

Public Governance Institute - $121,867.30 spent on 99 trips
47.6% spent on Democratic Party
0.0% spent on Independent Party
52.4% spent on Republican Party

ACEVEDO-VILA, ANIBAL - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

ADERHOLT, ROBERT B - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,574.00

AKIN, GARY - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,592.00

BAIRD, BRIAN - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

BALDWIN, TAMMY - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003. Education/member communication.
Total Cost - $1,385.00

BALLANCE, FRANK W JR - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,425.00

BASS, CHARLES F - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $888.00

BERMAN, HOWARD L - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,254.00

BLUMENAUER, EARL - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

BONILLA, HENRY - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,576.00

BOOZMAN, JOHN N - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Bipartisan Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $2,101.00

BURNS, O MAXIE - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Bipartisan planning trip for members of congress and their families
Total Cost - $1,385.00

CAMP, DAVID LEE - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,576.00

CANTOR, ERIC - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,226.00

CAPPS, LOIS G - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $888.00

CAPPS, LOIS G - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Santa Barbara, CA - Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - bi-partisan California Delegation Retreat
Total Cost - $977.69

CASE, EDWARD E - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Fact finding (Congressional Retreat 2003)
Total Cost - $1,576.00

CHRISTENSEN, DONNA M - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - 2003 Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $1,385.00

COOPER, JAMES H S - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,576.00

COX, CHRISTOPHER - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Bipartisan Retreat
Total Cost - $1,576.00

CULBERSON, JOHN - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

DAVIS, SUSAN - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,035.00

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $1,576.00

DOOLITTLE, JOHN T - Republican Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Westin Mission Hills, CA
Purpose - educational retreat - California Delegation Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $2,471.15

DREIER, DAVID - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $888.00

EMERSON, JO ANN H - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Bipartisan Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $1,226.00

ENGEL, ELIOT - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,576.00

FARR, SAM - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - meet with CA government officials to discuss California's future
Total Cost - $778.76

FRELINGHUYSEN, RODNEY - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $1,035.00

GINGREY, PHILLIP J - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - February 28, 2003 (1 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,751.00

GOODLATTE, ROBERT W - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Bipartisan Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $1,226.00

GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE' - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,285.00

HARRIS, KATHERINE - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat - freshman
Total Cost - $888.00

HAYES, ROBERT C (ROBIN) - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,707.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,576.00

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Ontario, Canada
Co-sponsor(s): Annenberg Foundation Trust
Purpose - California delegation retreat 2003
Total Cost - $3,894.96

HERGER, WALLY - Republican Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Ontario, Canada
Co-sponsor(s): Annenberg Foundation Trust
Purpose - California delegation retreat 2003
Total Cost - $3,065.46

HILL, BARON P - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $888.00

HOUGHTON, AMORY JR - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Bipartisan meeting of Congress and their families
Total Cost - $1,576.00

JONES, STEPHANIE TUBBS - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Bipartisan Retreat
Total Cost - $988.00

KENNEDY, MARK RAYMOND - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

KILDEE, DALE E - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

KIND, RON - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,576.00

KLINE, JOHN P - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

KNOLLENBERG, JOSEPH K - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,535.00

LAHOOD, RAY - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

LARSON, JOHN B - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Bipartisan Retreat
Total Cost - $1,783.00

LOFGREN, ZOE - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - California Congressional Delegation Retreat
Total Cost - $1,400.92

LUCAS, KENNETH RAY - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - congressional retreat
Total Cost - $1,385.00

MALONEY, CAROLYN B - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional retreat; discussion, planning
Total Cost - $888.00

MARSHALL, JIM - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,576.00

MICA, JOHN L - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $1,385.00

MILLER, BRAD - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - To attend the Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

MILLER, JEFFERSON B - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

NAPOLITANO, GRACE - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Rancho Mirage, CA
Purpose - Fact-finding operated by the Public Governance Institute
Total Cost - $802.82

PASTOR, EDWARD L - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - bipartisan retreat for house members
Total Cost - $1,385.00

PENCE, MIKE - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - official congressional retreat-Educational
Total Cost - $1,385.00

PICKERING, CHARLES W JR - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,226.00

PLATTS, TODD R - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,935.00

POMBO, RICHARD - Republican Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Westin Mission Hills, CA
Purpose - CA Delegation Retreat
Total Cost - $880.71

ROGERS, MICHAEL - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional retreat
Total Cost - $1,576.00

ROYBAL-ALLARD, LUCILLE - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,535.00

ROYCE, ED - Republican Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Palm Springs, CA
Purpose - California Congressional Delegation retreat
Total Cost - $1,303.94

RUPPERSBERGER, CA DUTCH - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,535.00

SANCHEZ, LORETTA - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Westin Mission Hills, CA
Purpose - CA delegation bi partisan retreat meetings
Total Cost - $1,290.42

SANCHEZ, LINDA - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Rancho Mirage, CA
Purpose - California Delegation Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,246.42

SCHIFF, ADAM - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - bipartisan congressional retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

SCHIFF, ADAM - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Rancho Mirage, CA
Purpose - California bipartisan retreat
Total Cost - $823.19

SCOTT, DAVID ALBERT - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - congressional Retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,535.00

STENHOLM, CHARLIE W - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $888.00

TIAHRT, TODD W - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - 2003 Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $1,576.00

TURNER, JAMES (JIM)WILLIAM - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Congressional retreat
Total Cost - $1,385.00

WAMP, ZACH - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - for bipartisan retreat
Total Cost - $2,101.00

WAXMAN, HENRY A - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Rancho Mirage, CA
Purpose - Bipartisan California Delegation Retreat
Total Cost - $3,039.19

WELDON, DAVE - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - discussion of issues and agenda
Total Cost - $1,385.00

WU, DAVID MR. - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - congressional retreat 2003
Total Cost - $1,385.00

BOXER, BARBARA - Democratic Party
December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Westin Mission Hills, CA
Purpose - California delegation retreat, 2003
Total Cost - $1,285.92

FEINSTEIN, DIANNE - Democratic Party
December 6, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (2 days)
Rancho Mirage, CA
Purpose - To participate in the California delegation bipartisan congressional retreat
Total Cost - $403.75

PEARCE, STEVE - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Committee's responsibilities, improve the working environment of the Committee and the working relationship among its Members
Total Cost - $404.00

LUNGREN, DANIEL E - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - Committee on Homeland Security retreat
Total Cost - $404.00

DAVIS, THOMAS M III - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - Committee on Homeland Security Retreat
Total Cost - $350.00

DICKS, NORM D - Democratic Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - Committee on Homeland Security Retreat
Total Cost - $404.00

PASCRELL, WILLIAM J JR - Democratic Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $404.00

LOFGREN, ZOE - Democratic Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - Committee on Homeland Security Retreat at the Aspen Wye River Conference Center
Total Cost - $350.00

WELDON, CURT - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relative to the Committee's responsibilities and in the process, improve the working environment of the Committee, and the working relationship among it's Members
Total Cost - $350.00

SMITH, LAMAR - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Committee's responsibilities and in the process, improve the working environment of the Committee and the working relationship among its Members
Total Cost - $404.00

SIMMONS, ROB - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Homeland Security Committee's responsibilities and in the process, improve the working environment on the Committee and its members
Total Cost - $404.00

SHAYS, CHRISTOPHER - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - Educational
Total Cost - $404.00

ROGERS, MICHAEL - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Homeland Security Committee's responsibilities and, in the process improve the working environment of the Committee and the working relationship among its members
Total Cost - $404.00

NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES - Democratic Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Homeland Security Committee's responsibilities, and in the process improve the working environment of the Committee and its members
Total Cost - $404.00

MEEK, KENDRICK B - Democratic Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Committee's responsibilities and, in the process, improve the working environment of the Committee and the working relationship among its members
Total Cost - $404.00

MCCAUL, MICHAEL - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the committee's responsibilities and in the process improve the working environment of the committee and the working relationship among members
Total Cost - $404.00

LINDER, JOHN - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Committee's responsibilities, and in the process, improve the working environment and working relationship among its members
Total Cost - $404.00

HARRIS, KATHERINE - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - House Committee on Homeland Security Member Retreat
Total Cost - $404.00

COX, CHRISTOPHER - Republican Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Committee's responsibilities and, in the process, improve the working environment of the Committee and the working relationship
Total Cost - $404.00

DICKS, NORM D - Democratic Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Queenstown, MD
Purpose - Committee on Homeland Security Retreat
Total Cost - $404.00

CHRISTENSEN, DONNA M - Democratic Party
March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
MD
Purpose - Committee on Homeland Security Retreat
Total Cost - $404.00

KING, STEVEN A - Republican Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Educational, public policy, 2003 Congressional Retreat
Total Cost - $1,063.00

GUTIERREZ, LUIS V - Democratic Party
February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
White Sulphur Springs, WV
Purpose - Attend bipartisan Congressional retreat.
Total Cost - $1,226.00

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.