American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
Students in a Chinese immersion class in Utah. (Photo: Stephen Smith)

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

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American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
Students in a Chinese immersion class in Utah. (Photo: Stephen Smith)

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

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  • 08.12.14

    Tracking and vocational ed

    Jeannie Oakes, who has studied tracking for decades, says vocational ed and "tracking" are connected, and that sorting students by race and class is still a problem.
  • 08.04.14

    Reinventing college for a new kind of student

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  • 07.29.14

    Is school funding fair?

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Back to all reports


CLINTON, HILLARY RODHAM, Democratic Party
New York

Total number of trips - 34
Total cost of trips - $63,080.74

Average cost per trip - $1,855.32
Total number of days spent traveling - 61 days
Rank of representative - 85 (Out of 638)


Individual trips


Sponsor(s) - Third Way Foundation
Dates - March 24, 2001 - March 26, 2001 (3 days)
Location(s) - Jacksonville, FL

Purpose - retreat/conference. White Oak
Notes - Lodging costs include meals

Travel Cost - $1,446.00
Lodging Cost - $800.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,246.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - United Association of Journeymen and Apprentices of the Plumbing and Pipefitting Industry of the U.S. and Canada
Dates - August 8, 2001 - August 8, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Miami, FL

Purpose - convention speech
Notes - Washington, DC - Miami - Washington, DC

Travel Cost - $2,081.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,081.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Lockheed Martin
Dates - October 29, 2001 - October 29, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Buffalo, NY - Binghamton, NY

Purpose - Official fact-finding travel.
Notes - Buffalo, NY - Binghamton, NY - Dulles

Travel Cost - $1,031.75
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,031.75

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Civil Service Employees Association
Dates - November 4, 2002 - November 4, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Albany, NY

Purpose - speaking to unions/CSEA event. White Plains, NY -Albany - White Plains, NY
Notes - White Plains, NY - Albany - White Plains, NY

Travel Cost - $850.45
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $850.45

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Corning Inc.
Dates - June 22, 2002 - June 22, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Rochester, NY

Purpose - fact-finding travel. Rochester, NY - New York City
Notes -

Travel Cost - $388.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $388.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Dublin Chamber of Commerce
Dates - March 25, 2002 - March 27, 2002 (3 days)
Location(s) - Dublin, Ireland

Purpose - fact-finding travel
Notes - New York, NY - Dublin, Irl - New York, NY

Travel Cost - $4,998.90
Lodging Cost - $1,050.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $6,048.90

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Jewish Community Relations Council of New York, Inc.
Dates - February 22, 2002 - February 24, 2002 (3 days)
Location(s) - Israel

Purpose - fact-finding travel
Notes - Newark - Israel - New York

Travel Cost - $2,926.70
Lodging Cost - $466.19
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $3,392.89

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - MSNBC
Dates - November 20, 2002 - November 20, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - White Plains, NY

Purpose - Travel for appearance on MSNBC
Notes - Albany, NY - White Palms, NY

Travel Cost - $216.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $216.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - New York Wine and Grape Foundation
Dates - October 15, 2002 - October 15, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Pennyan, NY

Purpose - Not specified
Notes - Pennyan, NY - White Plains, NY

Travel Cost - $1,061.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,061.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Sallie Mae
Dates - February 21, 2002 - February 21, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Rochester, NY

Purpose - fact-finding travel. White Plains, NY - Rochester, NY - Laguardia
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,117.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,117.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - United Brotherhood of Carpenters of America
Dates - October 5, 2002 - October 15, 2002 (11 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - Speech to convention
Notes - BWI - Las Vegas, NV - BWI

Travel Cost - $2,722.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,722.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Rochester
Dates - October 11, 2002 - October 11, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Rochester, NY

Purpose - Not specified
Notes - Rochester, NY - White Plains, NY

Travel Cost - $1,100.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,100.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Betty Ford Center
Dates - January 17, 2003 - January 18, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Palm Springs, CA

Purpose - speaking engagement
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $325.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $325.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Wellesley College
Dates - February 21, 2003 - February 21, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Wellesley, MA

Purpose - speaking engagement
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,168.75
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,168.75

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Tata Consultancy Services
Dates - March 10, 2003 - March 10, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Buffalo, NY

Purpose - company visit
Notes -

Travel Cost - $778.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $778.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Connecticut Democratic Party
Dates - April 29, 2003 - April 29, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Southington, CT

Purpose - speech
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,700.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,700.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Corning Inc.
Dates - April 29, 2003 - April 29, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Corning, NY

Purpose - site visit
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,366.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,366.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Lockheed Martin
Dates - January 30, 2004 - January 30, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Binghamton, NY

Purpose - briefing and tour
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,500.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,500.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Roger Altman / New Jobs New York
Dates - February 2, 2004 - February 2, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Rochester, NY

Purpose - conference and speech
Notes -

Travel Cost - $298.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $298.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - German Media Prize
Dates - February 13, 2005 - February 14, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Germany

Purpose - Speech
Notes - Germany - Washington, DC

Travel Cost - $8,947.00
Lodging Cost - $1,740.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $10,687.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Lockheed Martin
Dates - July 23, 2004 - July 23, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Albany, NY

Purpose - Speaking engagement
Notes - Dulles, VA - Albany, NY - Teterboro, NJ

Travel Cost - $520.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $520.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Roger Altman New Jobs New York
Dates - June 7, 2004 - June 7, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Syracuse, NY

Purpose - Conference and speech
Notes - White Plains, NY - Syracuse, NY - White Plains, NY

Travel Cost - $1,654.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,654.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Lockheed Martin
Dates - January 28, 2005 - January 28, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Binghamton, NY

Purpose - Official announcement
Notes - White Plains - Binghamton - White Plains, NY

Travel Cost - $410.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $410.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Roger Altman New Jobs New York
Dates - March 7, 2005 - March 7, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Buffalo, NY

Purpose - Conference and speech
Notes - White Plains, NY - Buffalo, NY

Travel Cost - $437.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $437.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - India Today
Dates - February 23, 2005 - February 27, 2005 (5 days)
Location(s) - New Delhi, India

Purpose - Speech and official meetings
Notes - Pakistan - New Delhi, India - White Plains, NY

Travel Cost - $5,388.00
Lodging Cost - $3,300.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $8,688.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - William Jefferson Clinton Foundation
Dates - November 17, 2004 - November 20, 2004 (4 days)
Location(s) - Little Rock, AR

Purpose - Opening of Presidential Library
Notes - Washington - Little Rock, AR - Washington

Travel Cost - $1,396.00
Lodging Cost - $1,500.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,896.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Renaissance Weekend
Dates - December 30, 2004 - December 31, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Charleston, SC

Purpose - Speech and seminars
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $600.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $600.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - William Jefferson Clinton Foundation
Dates - November 12, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - CA

Purpose - Meetings and dinner for WJC Presidential Library
Notes - New York - California - New York

Travel Cost - $2,800.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,800.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Tufts Univ
Dates - November 10, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - Lecture
Notes - New York - Boston - New York

Travel Cost - $880.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $880.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Agnes Scott College
Dates - May 13, 2005 - May 14, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - Commencement address
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $209.00
Meal Cost - $94.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $303.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Feinberg Foundation
Dates - June 17, 2005 - June 17, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - Speech
Notes - White Plains, NY - Boston

Travel Cost - $468.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $468.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Panetta Institute
Dates - June 28, 2004 - June 28, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - San Francisco, CA

Purpose - Speech
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $1,396.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,396.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Democratic Leadership Council
Dates - July 25, 2005 - July 25, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Columbus, OH

Purpose - Speech
Notes - DC - Columbus, OH - DC

Travel Cost - $698.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $698.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - William J Clinton Foundation
Dates - September 17, 2005 - September 17, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Speech / panel discussion
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $1,250.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,250.00

Additional family members - No

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
Students in a Chinese immersion class in Utah. (Photo: Stephen Smith)

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.12.14

    Tracking and vocational ed

    Jeannie Oakes, who has studied tracking for decades, says vocational ed and "tracking" are connected, and that sorting students by race and class is still a problem.
  • 08.04.14

    Reinventing college for a new kind of student

    Long-predicted demographic changes mean a new kind of student is figuring out where to go to college, and how to pay for it.
  • 07.29.14

    Is school funding fair?

    A new report looks at why some schools have a lot of money to spend per pupil, while others don't, and what to do about it.