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Students in a Chinese immersion class in Utah. Research shows bilingual people can have learning advantages over monolingual people. (Photo: Stephen Smith)

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

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American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
Students in a Chinese immersion class in Utah. Research shows bilingual people can have learning advantages over monolingual people. (Photo: Stephen Smith)

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.19.14

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    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it’s character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.12.14

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  • 08.04.14

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Back to all reports


JOHNSON, TIM, Democratic Party
South Dakota

Total number of trips - 10
Total cost of trips - $39,724.06

Average cost per trip - $3,972.41
Total number of days spent traveling - 48 days
Rank of representative - 165 (Out of 638)


Individual trips


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - January 13, 2000 - January 16, 2000 (4 days)
Location(s) - Naples, FL

Purpose - to participate in the Aspen Institute's congressional program
Notes - Wife Barbara accompanied.

Travel Cost - $1,888.00
Lodging Cost - $1,290.00
Meal Cost - $1,170.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,348.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Coastal Corporation
Dates - January 18, 2000 - January 23, 2000 (6 days)
Location(s) - Pakistan

Purpose - visiting American-owned businesses operating in Pakistan and meeting with Pakistani officials to discuss issues of mutual concern to Pakistan and the United States
Notes -

Travel Cost - $4,300.00
Lodging Cost - $580.00
Meal Cost - $150.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $5,030.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Association of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers
Dates - January 30, 2000 - January 31, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - San Juan, Puerto Rico

Purpose - to deliver a speech before the national association of pharmaceutical manufacturers and to attend its annual conference
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,400.00
Lodging Cost - $300.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $250.00
Total Cost - $1,950.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Association of Trial Lawyers of America
Dates - July 13, 2001 - July 16, 2001 (4 days)
Location(s) - Montreal, Canada

Purpose - To speak at the annual convention of the Association of Trial Lawyers
Notes - wife Barbara accompanied.

Travel Cost - $2,400.00
Lodging Cost - $700.00
Meal Cost - $300.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $3,400.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Connell Company
Dates - March 24, 2003 - March 24, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Newark, NJ

Purpose - Speaking engagement for the Connell Company's seminar series on the 108th Congress
Notes -

Travel Cost - $550.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost - $20.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $570.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - June 27, 2003 - July 3, 2003 (7 days)
Location(s) - Helsinki, Finland

Purpose - To participate in a conference on political Islam
Notes - Mrs. Barbara Johnson accompanied. Other expenses not specified.

Travel Cost - $3,678.00
Lodging Cost - $1,500.00
Meal Cost - $1,500.00
Other Cost - $250.00
Total Cost - $6,928.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - August 10, 2003 - August 16, 2003 (7 days)
Location(s) - Moscow, Russia

Purpose - To participate in a conference on U.S.-Russia relations
Notes - Mrs. Barbara Johnson accompanied

Travel Cost - $4,858.00
Lodging Cost - $1,875.00
Meal Cost - $1,600.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $8,333.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Radiology Mammography International
Dates - September 9, 2001 - September 17, 2001 (9 days)
Location(s) - Beijing, China

Purpose - Breast cancer awareness mission which included providing free mammograms and meeting with doctors to discuss the importance of early cancer detection.
Notes - Spouse accompanied - or trip may have been just spouse. Filed in end of year Financial Disclosure so costs not given, but included roundtrip air travel and lodging. Washington, DC - Beijing, China

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost -

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Natl Rural Letter Carriers
Dates - August 2, 2004 - August 3, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Kansas City, MO

Purpose - Speaking engagement before the National Rural Letter Carriers Association
Notes -

Travel Cost - $583.70
Lodging Cost - $148.16
Meal Cost - $40.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $771.86

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - August 22, 2004 - August 27, 2004 (6 days)
Location(s) - Venice, Italy

Purpose - To participate in a conference on US-Russia-Europe Relations
Notes -

Travel Cost - $4,388.20
Lodging Cost - $1,875.00
Meal Cost - $2,130.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $8,393.20

Additional family members - Yes

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
Students in a Chinese immersion class in Utah. Research shows bilingual people can have learning advantages over monolingual people. (Photo: Stephen Smith)

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on How Children Succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it’s character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.12.14

    Tracking and Vocational Ed

    Jeannie Oakes, who has studied tracking for decades, says vocational ed and "tracking" are connected, and that sorting students by race and class is still a problem.
  • 08.04.14

    Reinventing College for a New Kind of Student

    Long-predicted demographic changes mean a new kind of student is figuring out where to go to college, and how to pay for it.
  • 07.29.14

    Is School Funding Fair?

    A new report looks at why some schools have a lot of money to spend per pupil, while others don't, and what to do about it.