American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

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PALLONE, FRANK JR, Democratic Party
New Jersey

Total number of trips - 23
Total cost of trips - $39,948.45

Average cost per trip - $1,736.89
Total number of days spent traveling - 62 days
Rank of representative - 162 (Out of 638)


Individual trips


Sponsor(s) - Pancyprian Association of America
Dates - August 26, 2003 - August 28, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Cyprus

Purpose - keynote speaker at International Coordinating Committee Justice for Cyprus (PSEKA) Convention
Notes -

Travel Cost - $3,972.00
Lodging Cost - $240.00
Meal Cost - $100.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,312.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Indian American Friendship Council
Dates - January 25, 2003 - January 26, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Dallas, TX

Purpose - Honored guest at Indian Republic Day Celebration
Notes -

Travel Cost - $600.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $600.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - India Association of North Texas
Dates - January 25, 2003 - January 26, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Dallas, TX

Purpose - Honored guest at Indian Republic Day Celebration
Notes -

Travel Cost - $640.00
Lodging Cost - $120.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $760.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Otolaryngology Research Association
Dates - February 24, 2003 - February 24, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Daytona Beach, FL

Purpose - conference
Notes -

Travel Cost - $510.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $510.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - American Israel Education Foundation
Dates - August 1, 2003 - August 7, 2003 (7 days)
Location(s) - Jerusalem, Israel

Purpose - Educational Mission
Notes - Other costs not specified.

Travel Cost - $4,443.00
Lodging Cost - $748.00
Meal Cost - $377.25
Other Cost - $408.70
Total Cost - $5,976.95

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Virgo publishing
Dates - December 5, 2003 - December 6, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - speech at exposition
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $227.81
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $227.81

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Tribal Environmental Conference
Dates - April 25, 2003 - April 28, 2003 (4 days)
Location(s) - Phoenix, AZ

Purpose - speaker at conference
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $148.50
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $148.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Indian Gaming Association
Dates - August 16, 2003 - August 17, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Minneapolis, MN

Purpose - guest speaker at conference
Notes -

Travel Cost - $330.00
Lodging Cost - $200.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $530.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Virgo publishing
Dates - January 26, 2003 - January 27, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Scottsdale, AZ

Purpose - speaker at conference
Notes - travel cost shared with American Ingredients

Travel Cost - $500.00
Lodging Cost - $185.98
Meal Cost - $70.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $755.98

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - American Ingredients
Dates - January 26, 2003 - January 27, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Scottsdale, AZ

Purpose - speaker at conference
Notes - transportation cost shared with Virgo

Travel Cost - $700.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $700.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Friends of Canada-Armenia Public Advocacy
Dates - October 26, 2003 - October 27, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Toronto, Canada

Purpose - speak at conference
Notes -

Travel Cost - $360.00
Lodging Cost - $168.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $528.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Mohegan Tribe, Uncasville, CT
Dates - October 21, 2003 - October 23, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Uncasville, CT

Purpose - USET(United South East Tribes) Conference
Notes - Other costs not specified

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $560.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $265.91
Total Cost - $825.91

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Hoopa Tribe
Dates - December 10, 2003 - December 11, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Eureka, CA

Purpose - tours of Hoopa Reservation
Notes -

Travel Cost - $27.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $27.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Cabazon Board of Mission Indians
Dates - December 10, 2003 - December 11, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Eureka, CA

Purpose - tours of Hoopa Reservation
Notes -

Travel Cost - $942.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $942.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Asian Indian Chamber of Commerce, Indo-American Society
Dates - January 4, 2004 - January 12, 2004 (9 days)
Location(s) - Mumbai, India

Purpose - to promote US-India economic relations and to receive an award from the Indo-American Society.
Notes -

Travel Cost - $5,000.00
Lodging Cost - $950.00
Meal Cost - $400.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $6,350.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Armenian Assembly of America
Dates - March 15, 2002 - March 16, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - Boca Raton, FL

Purpose - speech
Notes -

Travel Cost - $699.00
Lodging Cost - $304.74
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,003.74

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
Dates - March 24, 2002 - March 28, 2002 (5 days)
Location(s) - New Delhi, India

Purpose - receive Padma Bhushan award
Notes - other costs include telephone

Travel Cost - $4,713.00
Lodging Cost - $573.00
Meal Cost - $30.00
Other Cost - $1,580.00
Total Cost - $6,896.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - N.H. Tribal Environmental Council
Dates - June 2, 2002 - June 3, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - Reno, NV

Purpose - speech/fact-finding
Notes -

Travel Cost - $545.00
Lodging Cost - $109.00
Meal Cost - $50.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $704.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Penobscot and Passamaquoddy Tribes
Dates - August 13, 2001 - August 13, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Bangor, ME

Purpose - Fact finding
Notes -

Travel Cost - $843.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $843.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Armenian Assembly of America
Dates - March 16, 2001 - March 17, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Boca Raton, FL

Purpose - Speech and panel discussion
Notes -

Travel Cost - $641.50
Lodging Cost - $195.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $836.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Electric Power Supply Association
Dates - January 28, 2001 - January 29, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Palm Springs, CA

Purpose - Speech and legislative panel
Notes -

Travel Cost - $2,550.25
Lodging Cost - $317.81
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,868.06

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Edison Electric Institute
Dates - January 10, 2001 - January 11, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Tucson, AZ

Purpose - Speech and panel discussion
Notes -

Travel Cost - $2,571.00
Lodging Cost - $230.00
Meal Cost - $70.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,871.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Now Foods, Rexall Sundown
Dates - December 5, 2003 - December 5, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - Speech at exposition
Notes - Says transport costs were split equally.

Travel Cost - $731.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $731.00

Additional family members - No

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.