American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

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NORTON, ELEANOR HOLMES, Democratic Party
Dist. of Columbia

Total number of trips - 17
Total cost of trips - $19,180.46

Average cost per trip - $1,128.26
Total number of days spent traveling - 47 days
Rank of representative - 314 (Out of 638)


Individual trips


Sponsor(s) - Albany State University
Dates - December 8, 2000 - December 10, 2000 (3 days)
Location(s) - Albany, GA

Purpose - Giving the 2000 fall commencement address at Albany State University
Notes -

Travel Cost - $689.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $689.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Historical Society of the U.S. District Court - Eastern District of Pennsylvania
Dates - October 26, 2000 - October 26, 2000 (1 days)
Location(s) - Philadelphia, PA

Purpose - Participating in the unveiling ceremony for Chief Judge Leon Higginbotham, Jr.'s portrait
Notes -

Travel Cost - $242.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $242.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - American Bar Association
Dates - April 27, 2001 - April 27, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Cambridge, MA

Purpose - Participate in a panel during the Women Leadership Summit
Notes -

Travel Cost - $121.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $121.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - American Civil Liberties Union
Dates - April 27, 2001 - April 27, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Speech at retirement gala for Ira Glasser
Notes -

Travel Cost - $45.74
Lodging Cost - $200.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $245.74

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - City University Television
Dates - January 9, 2001 - January 9, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Participate in a panel discussion on the legacy of John Lindsay
Notes -

Travel Cost - $228.75
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $228.75

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Chatham College
Dates - May 19, 2001 - May 20, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Pittsburgh, PA

Purpose - Commencement address and receive honorary degree
Notes -

Travel Cost - $556.00
Lodging Cost - $204.06
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $760.06

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - American Airlines, AT&T, Microsoft
Dates - March 15, 2001 - March 19, 2001 (5 days)
Location(s) - San Jose, CA

Purpose - Attend technology presentation and tour company facilities as part of Congressional Black Caucus Retreat
Notes -

Travel Cost - $4,107.00
Lodging Cost - $529.00
Meal Cost - $135.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,771.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - March 9, 2001 - March 11, 2001 (3 days)
Location(s) - White Sulphur Springs, WV

Purpose - Bipartisan Congressional Retreat
Notes - Other expenses of $100 paid by member

Travel Cost - $126.00
Lodging Cost - $660.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $786.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Yale Law School
Dates - February 22, 2002 - February 23, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - New Haven, CT

Purpose - To deliver the opening address at the Race, Values and the American Legal Process dinner/conference
Notes -

Travel Cost - $310.90
Lodging Cost - $99.68
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $410.58

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Black Law Students Association, Stanford Law School
Dates - February 14, 2002 - February 20, 2002 (7 days)
Location(s) - Palo Alto, CA

Purpose - To speak during their Commemoration of Black Liberation Month
Notes - Other costs not specified.

Travel Cost - $814.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $211.25
Total Cost - $1,025.25

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Gate City Bar Association
Dates - November 12, 2003 - November 14, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - keynote speaker at the Gate city bar association's 2003 hall of fame dinner.
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,474.00
Lodging Cost - $395.00
Meal Cost - $100.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,969.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Carib News
Dates - November 7, 2003 - November 9, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Nassau, Bahamas

Purpose - to participate in the 8th annual Caribbean multi-national business conference
Notes - other: land package includes meals and drinks and transfer to and from the airport

Travel Cost - $300.00
Lodging Cost - $468.50
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $750.00
Total Cost - $1,518.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Congressional Black Caucus Foundation
Dates - October 24, 2003 - October 26, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - San Juan, Puerto Rico

Purpose - to participate in the 2003 congressional tri-caucus retreat
Notes -

Travel Cost - $694.48
Lodging Cost - $379.80
Meal Cost - $401.68
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,475.96

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Public Governance Institute
Dates - March 7, 2005 - March 8, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Queenstown, MD

Purpose - To examine issues relevant to the Homeland Security Committee's responsibilities, and in the process improve the working environment of the Committee and its members
Notes - Washington, DC to Queenstown, MD

Travel Cost - $54.00
Lodging Cost - $350.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $404.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Antioch College
Dates - February 17, 2004 - February 19, 2004 (3 days)
Location(s) - Yellow Springs, OH

Purpose - Chatterjee Peace Lecture Keynote speaker and campus speaker
Notes - Washington, DC - Athens, OH - Wilberforce, OH - Yellow Springs, OH - and return

Travel Cost - $838.20
Lodging Cost - $124.95
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $963.15

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Equal Right Advocates
Dates - June 3, 2004 - June 7, 2004 (5 days)
Location(s) - San Francisco, CA - Los Angeles, CA

Purpose - Equal Rights Advocate 30th Anniversary luncheon keynote speaker
Notes - Washington, DC - San Francisco, CA - Los Angeles, CA - and return

Travel Cost - $2,687.00
Lodging Cost - $189.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,876.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Yale Univ
Dates - May 21, 2005 - May 22, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Hartford, CT

Purpose - Yale University Class Day speaker
Notes - Washington, DC - Hartford, CT - Washington, DC

Travel Cost - $438.41
Lodging Cost - $207.20
Meal Cost - $48.36
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $693.97

Additional family members - No

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.