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science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

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    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

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    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
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American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.

Back to all reports


GREEN, RAYMOND E. 'GENE', Democratic Party
Texas

Total number of trips - 39
Total cost of trips - $175,942.14

Average cost per trip - $4,511.34
Total number of days spent traveling - 156 days
Rank of representative - 2 (Out of 638)


Individual trips


Sponsor(s) - Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Commonwealth Fund
Dates - January 20, 2000 - January 23, 2000 (4 days)
Location(s) - Aventura, FL

Purpose - Health care forum
Notes - Spouse Helen accompanied

Travel Cost - $962.20
Lodging Cost - $1,276.90
Meal Cost - $695.80
Other Cost - $79.90
Total Cost - $3,014.80

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - German Marshall Fund of the U.S.
Dates - November 27, 2000 - December 1, 2000 (5 days)
Location(s) - Heidelberg, Germany

Purpose - Participation in Ebusiness and Policy Forum
Notes -

Travel Cost - $6,652.00
Lodging Cost - $777.00
Meal Cost - $350.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $7,779.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Association of American Railroads
Dates - April 28, 2000 - April 30, 2000 (3 days)
Location(s) - Kiawah Island, SC

Purpose - Education trip to learn and discuss U.S. railroads issues
Notes - Spouse Helen accompanied

Travel Cost - $2,520.00
Lodging Cost - $520.00
Meal Cost - $480.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $3,520.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - January 13, 2000 - January 16, 2000 (4 days)
Location(s) - Naples, FL

Purpose - to participate in a conference on education reform
Notes - Spouse Helen accompanied

Travel Cost - $2,342.00
Lodging Cost - $1,290.00
Meal Cost - $2,340.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $5,972.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - February 18, 2000 - February 22, 2000 (5 days)
Location(s) - San Juan, Puerto Rico

Purpose - Conference on the global environment
Notes - Spouse Helen accompanied

Travel Cost - $3,045.60
Lodging Cost - $1,924.00
Meal Cost - $1,280.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $6,249.60

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Commonwealth Fund
Dates - January 11, 2001 - January 14, 2001 (4 days)
Location(s) - Aventura, FL

Purpose - Bipartisan conference on health policy.
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied. Other costs are for fleece vest ($32) and tote bag ($12.95)

Travel Cost - $1,195.00
Lodging Cost - $1,309.50
Meal Cost - $462.74
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,967.24

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Association of American Railroads
Dates - July 6, 2001 - July 9, 2001 (4 days)
Location(s) - Jackson Hole, WY

Purpose - Legislative conference to discuss energy and transportation issues.
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied.

Travel Cost - $3,914.00
Lodging Cost - $480.00
Meal Cost - $305.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,699.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - National Chamber Foundation
Dates - July 12, 2001 - July 13, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Leesburg, VA

Purpose - Seminar on online privacy and other Internet issues.
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $399.41
Meal Cost - $174.47
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $573.88

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - February 16, 2001 - February 19, 2001 (4 days)
Location(s) - St. Petersburg, FL

Purpose - To participate in a conference on education.
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied.

Travel Cost - $2,546.00
Lodging Cost - $963.00
Meal Cost - $1,560.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $5,069.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - March 9, 2001 - March 11, 2001 (3 days)
Location(s) - White Sulphur Springs, WV

Purpose - Participate in Bipartisan Retreat
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied. Meals included in lodging cost.

Travel Cost - $252.00
Lodging Cost - $950.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,202.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Commonwealth Fund
Dates - January 17, 2002 - January 20, 2002 (4 days)
Location(s) - Aventura, FL

Purpose - Attend and participate at Congressional health policy conference
Notes - spouse Helen Green accompanied. Jan 20th at personal expense. Other expenses include jacket and tote bag.

Travel Cost - $763.00
Lodging Cost - $1,327.50
Meal Cost - $469.54
Other Cost - $44.95
Total Cost - $2,604.99

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - International Management and Development Institute
Dates - February 19, 2002 - February 24, 2002 (6 days)
Location(s) - Berlin, Germany - Liechtenstein

Purpose - U.S.-German roundtable for the 21st Century conference
Notes - spouse Helen Green accompanied.

Travel Cost - $15,787.20
Lodging Cost - $1,062.30
Meal Cost - $450.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $17,299.50

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - National Association of Broadcasters
Dates - April 5, 2002 - April 8, 2002 (4 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - Serve on a congressional panel
Notes - spouse Helen Green accompanied.

Travel Cost - $3,174.00
Lodging Cost - $748.84
Meal Cost - $150.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,072.84

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - February 15, 2002 - February 18, 2002 (4 days)
Location(s) - Scottsdale, AZ

Purpose - To participate in a conference on education
Notes - spouse Helen Green accompanied.

Travel Cost - $1,288.00
Lodging Cost - $1,560.00
Meal Cost - $150.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,998.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Association of American Railroads
Dates - January 18, 2003 - January 20, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Aventura, FL

Purpose - Legislative Conference
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied

Travel Cost - $105.50
Lodging Cost - $1,664.00
Meal Cost - $1,032.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,801.50

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, Commonwealth Fund
Dates - January 16, 2003 - January 18, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Aventura, FL

Purpose - Bipartisan Congressional Health Policy Conference
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied. Other costs are for jacket and tote bag

Travel Cost - $700.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost - $900.00
Other Cost - $44.95
Total Cost - $1,644.95

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - International Management & Development Institute
Dates - February 17, 2003 - February 21, 2003 (5 days)
Location(s) - Cologne, Germany - Bonn, Germany

Purpose - US - German Roundtable
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied.

Travel Cost - $13,000.00
Lodging Cost - $660.00
Meal Cost - $1,000.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $14,660.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - National Cable & Telecommunications Association
Dates - June 7, 2003 - June 9, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Chicago, IL

Purpose - To attend the National Cable and Telecommunications Association's 52nd annual convention and international exposition
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied

Travel Cost - $4,063.00
Lodging Cost - $976.66
Meal Cost - $601.58
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $5,641.24

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - American Israel Education Foundation
Dates - August 2, 2003 - August 10, 2003 (9 days)
Location(s) - Israel

Purpose - Education mission
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied. Other costs are for security

Travel Cost - $7,486.00
Lodging Cost - $2,571.40
Meal Cost - $754.50
Other Cost - $817.40
Total Cost - $11,629.30

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - December 5, 2003 - December 7, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - Punta Mita, Mexico

Purpose - To participate in a conference on US - Mexico Relations
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied

Travel Cost - $2,220.30
Lodging Cost - $1,725.00
Meal Cost - $990.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,935.30

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - University of Texas Pan American Foundation
Dates - October 12, 2003 - October 13, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Brownsville, TX - McAllen, TX

Purpose - To participate in the Hispanic Engineering Science and Technology Conference
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied

Travel Cost - $560.00
Lodging Cost - $370.00
Meal Cost - $100.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,030.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - National Association of Broadcasters
Dates - April 4, 2003 - April 7, 2003 (4 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - Speaker at National Association of Broadcasters Congressional Breakfast
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied

Travel Cost - $4,563.00
Lodging Cost - $2,232.19
Meal Cost - $150.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $6,945.19

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Association of American Railroads
Dates - April 24, 2003 - April 27, 2003 (4 days)
Location(s) - Pebble Beach, CA

Purpose - American Association of Railroads legislative conference
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied.

Travel Cost - $2,131.80
Lodging Cost - $1,875.00
Meal Cost - $1,034.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $5,040.80

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - May 26, 2003 - June 1, 2003 (7 days)
Location(s) - Rome, Italy

Purpose - To participate in a conference on the global environment
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied. Other costs are for ground transportation

Travel Cost - $4,409.20
Lodging Cost - $2,850.00
Meal Cost - $1,600.00
Other Cost - $200.00
Total Cost - $9,059.20

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Public Governance Institute
Dates - February 28, 2003 - March 2, 2003 (3 days)
Location(s) - White Sulphur Springs, WV

Purpose - Congressional Retreat 2003
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied. Meals included in lodging cost

Travel Cost - $250.00
Lodging Cost - $1,035.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,285.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - United States Army
Dates - November 13, 2003 - November 16, 2003 (4 days)
Location(s) - West Point, NY

Purpose - To be a guest speaker for a political science class of cadets
Notes - Spouse Helen Green accompanied. Other costs are for film, picture development, newspapers

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $396.54
Meal Cost - $135.12
Other Cost - $51.56
Total Cost - $583.22

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association
Dates - March 21, 2004 - March 23, 2004 (3 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - to participate in the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association's annual convention
Notes - Spouse - Helen Green

Travel Cost - $1,518.80
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost - $200.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,718.80

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - International Longshoremen's Association
Dates - February 28, 2004 - February 29, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Biloxi, MS

Purpose - to participate in a international long shore men's association national convention
Notes - spouse - Helen Green

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $283.30
Meal Cost - $110.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $393.30

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Martime Trades Department
Dates - March 4, 2004 - March 5, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Fort Lauderdale, FL

Purpose - to participate in the maritime trades department executive board meeting
Notes - spouse - Helen Green - other expense for fees

Travel Cost - $971.40
Lodging Cost - $311.92
Meal Cost - $146.68
Other Cost - $150.00
Total Cost - $1,580.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Consumer Electronics Association
Dates - January 8, 2004 - January 11, 2004 (4 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - To participate in a consumer electronic association leaders in technology program
Notes - spouse - Helen Green

Travel Cost - $2,124.66
Lodging Cost - $912.34
Meal Cost - $1,010.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,047.00

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - June 27, 2004 - July 2, 2004 (6 days)
Location(s) - Lausanne, Switzerland

Purpose - to participate in a conference on the global environment
Notes - spouse - Helen Green

Travel Cost - $4,531.80
Lodging Cost - $2,000.00
Meal Cost - $1,600.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $8,131.80

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - National Cable & Telecommunications Association
Dates - May 1, 2004 - May 3, 2004 (3 days)
Location(s) - New Orleans, LA

Purpose - to participate in the National Cable and Telecommunications Association's annual conference
Notes - spouse - Helen Green

Travel Cost - $3,437.37
Lodging Cost - $687.20
Meal Cost - $600.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,724.57

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Instituto Technologico Autonomo de Mexico (ITAM)
Dates - February 25, 2005 - February 28, 2005 (4 days)
Location(s) - Morelia, Mexico

Purpose - To participate in the US-Mexico Futures Forum
Notes - Houston, TX - Morelia, Mexico - Houston, TX

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $547.72
Meal Cost - $269.38
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $817.10

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Univ of California at Berkeley
Dates - February 25, 2005 - February 28, 2005 (4 days)
Location(s) - Morelia, Mexico

Purpose - To participate in the US-Mexico Futures Forum
Notes - Houston, TX - Morelia, Mexico - Houston, TX

Travel Cost - $904.34
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $904.34

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Common Wealth Fund JFK School of Govt
Dates - January 13, 2005 - January 15, 2005 (3 days)
Location(s) - Fort Lauderdale, FL

Purpose - To participate in the Annual John F Kennedy School of Government /The Commonwealth Fund Bipartisan Congressional Health Policy Conference
Notes - Houston, TX - Ft Lauderdale, FL - Houston, TX

Travel Cost - $1,115.78
Lodging Cost - $904.00
Meal Cost - $1,992.50
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,012.28

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Aspen Institute
Dates - January 9, 2005 - January 13, 2005 (5 days)
Location(s) - Puerto Vallarta, Mexico

Purpose - To Participate in a conference on US Policy on Latin America
Notes - Houston, TX - Puerto Vallarta, Mexico - Houston, TX

Travel Cost - $1,853.20
Lodging Cost - $2,360.00
Meal Cost - $1,616.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $5,829.20

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - US Assn of Former Members of Congress - Congressional Study Group on Germany
Dates - March 18, 2005 - March 24, 2005 (7 days)
Location(s) - Berlin, Germany - Brussels, Belgium - Frankfurt, Germany

Purpose - To meet with members of the German Bundestag, German government representatives, and EU and NATO officials to discuss the US - German relationship
Notes - Washington, DC - Berlin, Germany - Brussels, Belgium - Frankfurt, Germany - Washington, DC

Travel Cost - $1,899.10
Lodging Cost - $1,521.00
Meal Cost - $800.00
Other Cost - $740.00
Total Cost - $4,960.10

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - National Assn of Broadcasters
Dates - April 16, 2005 - April 18, 2005 (3 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - To participate in the National Association of Broadcaster's Annual Convention
Notes - Houston, TX - Las Vega, NV - Houston, TX Including spouse

Travel Cost - $859.40
Lodging Cost - $1,144.50
Meal Cost - $363.80
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,367.70

Additional family members - Yes


Sponsor(s) - Assn of American Railroads
Dates - November 7, 2004 - November 10, 2004 (4 days)
Location(s) - West Palm Beach, FL

Purpose - To participate in a legislative conference
Notes - Houston, TX - West Palm Beach, FL - Houston, TX Including spouse

Travel Cost - $594.40
Lodging Cost - $1,554.00
Meal Cost - $1,030.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $3,178.40

Additional family members - Yes

American RadioWorks | Hearing is Seeing
science-smart

The Science of Smart

Researchers have long been searching for better ways to learn. In recent decades, experts working in cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience have opened new windows into how the brain works, and how we can learn to learn better. In this program, we look at some of the big ideas coming out of brain science. We meet the researchers who are unlocking the secrets of how the brain acquires and holds on to knowledge. And we introduce listeners to the teachers and students who are trying to apply that knowledge in the real world.

Recent Posts

  • 08.20.14

    Variation is key to deeper learning

    Humans obviously learn a lot of things through trial-and-error. A level of "desirable difficulty" built into a learning and exam process appears to boost the overall retention of new skills or knowledge.
  • 08.19.14

    Learning to love tests

    If there's consensus on anything in education, it's this: Tests are awful. But maybe we've been thinking about tests all wrong. Research shows that tests can actually be powerful tools for learning -- but only if teachers use them right.
  • 08.19.14

    Paul Tough on how children succeed

    Paul Tough talks about his new book, How Children Succeed. He says it's character that matters when it comes to learning. Children need curiosity, optimism and self-control.
  • 08.18.14

    This is your brain on language

    For decades psychologists cautioned against raising children bilingual. They warned parents and teachers that learning a second language as a child was bad for brain development. But recent studies have found exactly the opposite.