American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

Back to all reports


FORD, HAROLD E JR, Democratic Party
Tennessee

Total number of trips - 68
Total cost of trips - $66,029.63

Average cost per trip - $971.02
Total number of days spent traveling - 132 days
Rank of representative - 79 (Out of 638)


Individual trips


Sponsor(s) - Meharry Medical College
Dates - October 1, 2000 - October 2, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $374.00
Lodging Cost - $150.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $524.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Urban League
Dates - July 30, 2000 - August 1, 2000 (3 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Speaking -- Town Hall Meeting
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,716.00
Lodging Cost - $378.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,094.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Walker & Associates, McEducator Press Conference
Dates - February 10, 2000 - February 10, 2000 (1 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $266.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $266.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Philadelphia Tribune, African American Chamber of Commerce, Central Florida
Dates - September 29, 2000 - September 29, 2000 (1 days)
Location(s) - Philadelphia, PA

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $142.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $142.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Fox News
Dates - April 17, 2000 - April 20, 2000 (4 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Town Hall Meeting -- Speaker
Notes -

Travel Cost - $461.00
Lodging Cost - $590.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,051.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Warren Memorial United Methodist Church
Dates - March 11, 2000 - March 12, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $450.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $450.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Denver Branch NAACP
Dates - September 22, 2000 - September 23, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - Denver, CO

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,094.00
Lodging Cost - $109.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,203.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Commemorative Commission, Inc. of Greater Knoxville
Dates - January 13, 2000 - January 14, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - Knoxville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $365.00
Lodging Cost - $228.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $593.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Pegasus Airwave
Dates - December 2, 2000 - December 4, 2000 (3 days)
Location(s) - Miami, FL

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,169.00
Lodging Cost - $809.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,978.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Tennessee Black Health Care Commission
Dates - August 25, 2000 - August 25, 2000 (1 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $563.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $563.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - A. Philip Randolph Institute
Dates - February 25, 2000 - February 26, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $625.00
Lodging Cost - $110.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $735.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Tennessee Malt Beverage Association
Dates - July 9, 2000 - July 10, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - Orlando, FL

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $838.00
Lodging Cost - $289.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,127.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Notre Dame Law School
Dates - April 8, 2000 - April 8, 2000 (1 days)
Location(s) - South Bend, IN - Columbia, SC

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $944.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $944.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Fourth Street Missionary Baptist Church
Dates - July 23, 2000 - July 23, 2000 (1 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - Speech
Notes -

Travel Cost - $187.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $187.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Novogradic and Co. LLP
Dates - January 6, 2000 - January 7, 2000 (2 days)
Location(s) - Orlando, FL

Purpose - Speaking at 7th annual developers tax credit conference
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,182.00
Lodging Cost - $159.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,341.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Credit Suisse First Boston REIT
Dates - January 26, 2004 - January 26, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA - New York, NY

Purpose - speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $241.60
Lodging Cost - $427.62
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $669.22

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Austin East Magnet School
Dates - May 21, 2004 - May 22, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Knoxville, TN - Memphis, TN

Purpose - speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $746.20
Lodging Cost - $132.42
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $878.62

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Georgia
Dates - January 8, 2004 - January 9, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA - Miami, FL

Purpose - speaking
Notes - other for car service

Travel Cost - $248.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $300.00
Total Cost - $548.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Tennessee Association for Home Care
Dates - April 20, 2004 - April 20, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $680.20
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $680.20

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Tennessee Bar Association
Dates - January 17, 2004 - January 17, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $639.20
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $639.20

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - City Year Inc, Americorp Convention
Dates - June 6, 2002 - June 6, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Philadelphia, PA

Purpose - speaker
Notes -

Travel Cost - $300.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $300.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Massachusetts Legislative Black Caucus
Dates - April 26, 2002 - April 28, 2002 (3 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $696.50
Lodging Cost - $200.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $896.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Delta Sigma Theta Inc.
Dates - July 21, 2002 - July 22, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - speaker
Notes -

Travel Cost - $753.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $753.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Turner Broadcasting
Dates - January 7, 2002 - January 8, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - speaking -- award recipient
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $382.50
Meal Cost - $251.49
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $633.99

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Dell Computer Corp.
Dates - July 7, 2002 - July 8, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - Austin, TX

Purpose - meeting
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,663.09
Lodging Cost - $258.76
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $249.00
Total Cost - $2,170.85

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Austin East High School, Class of 1977
Dates - August 3, 2002 - August 4, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - Knoxville, TN

Purpose - speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $901.00
Lodging Cost - $95.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $996.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Napier-Looby Bar Foundation
Dates - February 21, 2002 - February 24, 2002 (4 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - speaker
Notes - 3 days at personal expense.

Travel Cost - $450.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $450.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Williams Capital Group
Dates - July 10, 2003 - July 11, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Chicago, IL

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,918.30
Lodging Cost - $448.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,366.30

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - First Baptist Church of Indianapolis
Dates - April 1, 2001 - April 1, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Indianapolis, IN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $842.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $842.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Partnership Conference
Dates - June 22, 2002 - June 23, 2002 (2 days)
Location(s) - Martha's Vineyard, MA

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $537.00
Lodging Cost - $800.80
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,337.80

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Bar Association
Dates - August 5, 2003 - August 6, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - New Orleans, LA

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $956.00
Lodging Cost - $149.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,105.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Dance Theater of Harlem
Dates - May 10, 2001 - May 11, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $910.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $910.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Points of Light Foundation
Dates - June 29, 2001 - June 29, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Minneapolis, MN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $756.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $756.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Tennessee Trucking Association
Dates - September 21, 2003 - September 22, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Destin, FL

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,547.00
Lodging Cost - $135.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,682.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Michigan Black Law Students
Dates - March 24, 2001 - March 25, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Jacksonville, FL - Detroit, MI

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,034.00
Lodging Cost - $124.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,158.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - 101 Black Men of Greater Knoxville
Dates - June 2, 2001 - June 3, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Knoxville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $417.25
Lodging Cost - $134.00
Meal Cost - $64.84
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $616.09

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Dates - May 9, 2003 - May 10, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Knoxville, TN - Orlando, FL

Purpose - Public policy speech to graduating class
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $227.87
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $227.87

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Harvard University
Dates - April 11, 2001 - April 12, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - Speaking
Notes - Harvard University's Institute of Politics paid for trip

Travel Cost - $677.00
Lodging Cost - $299.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $976.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Harvard Business School African American Student Union
Dates - February 24, 2001 - February 25, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $2,168.00
Lodging Cost - $275.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,443.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - NAACP
Dates - October 10, 2003 - October 11, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Detroit, MI

Purpose - Speaking
Notes - Northern Oakland County Branch of NAACP paid.

Travel Cost - $1,017.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,017.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Baptist Sunday Church School & National Baptist Training Union
Dates - June 15, 2001 - June 15, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Detroit, MI

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $429.25
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $429.25

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - NAACP
Dates - October 25, 2003 - October 26, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - Speaking
Notes - Las Vegas Branch of NAACP paid.

Travel Cost - $1,413.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,413.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Dates - March 2, 2001 - March 4, 2001 (3 days)
Location(s) - Las Vegas, NV

Purpose - Speaking - National TRIO Program
Notes -

Travel Cost - $372.00
Lodging Cost - $400.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $772.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Politically Incorrect
Dates - May 25, 2001 - May 30, 2001 (6 days)
Location(s) - Los Angeles, CA

Purpose - Television Appearance - speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $2,340.50
Lodging Cost - $174.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,514.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Milwaukee Urban League
Dates - October 22, 2003 - October 23, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Milwaukee, WI

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $733.00
Lodging Cost - $113.45
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $846.45

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Meharry Medical College
Dates - May 17, 2003 - May 17, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $644.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $644.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Black Enterprises Unlimited
Dates - May 19, 2001 - May 20, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $838.25
Lodging Cost - $249.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,087.25

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Association of Black Cardiologists
Dates - March 17, 2001 - March 18, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Orlando, FL

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $676.75
Lodging Cost - $79.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $755.75

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Novogradic and Co. LLP
Dates - January 5, 2001 - January 6, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Orlando, FL

Purpose - Speaking
Notes -

Travel Cost - $1,034.00
Lodging Cost - $359.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,393.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Michigan, Gerald R Ford School of Public Policy
Dates - April 25, 2003 - April 26, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Detroit, MI

Purpose - Speech to graduating class on national policy agenda
Notes - Other costs are for ground transportation from Detroit to Ann Arbor, MI

Travel Cost - $820.00
Lodging Cost - $120.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $150.00
Total Cost - $1,090.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - University of Pennsylvania
Dates - March 24, 2003 - March 24, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - Philadelphia, PA

Purpose - Speech
Notes -

Travel Cost - $830.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost - $30.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $860.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Chicago Stock Exchange
Dates - June 8, 2001 - June 8, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Chicago, IL

Purpose - Meeting
Notes - Other costs are for White Sox vs Kansas City Major League Baseball Ticket

Travel Cost - $603.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $40.00
Total Cost - $643.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Sparks Company
Dates - March 28, 2003 - March 29, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - St. Thomas, Virgin Islands

Purpose - Speak to Sparco Management executives and employees regarding congressional agenda
Notes -

Travel Cost - $2,052.24
Lodging Cost - $810.87
Meal Cost - $37.50
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $2,900.61

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - New York University Graduate School of Public Service
Dates - May 12, 2003 - May 13, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Speech to graduating class on national policy agenda
Notes -

Travel Cost - $815.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $815.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Outback Steakhouse
Dates - January 16, 2005 - January 17, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Tampa, FL

Purpose - Speaking Event
Notes - Departure: Miami, FL - Tampa, FL Return: Tampa, FL - Nashville

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $104.16
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $104.16

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Univ of Alabama Law School
Dates - May 13, 2004 - May 14, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Birmingham, AL

Purpose - Speaking
Notes - Washington, DC - Birmingham, AL - Memphis, TN

Travel Cost - $975.80
Lodging Cost - $118.54
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,094.34

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - FedEx
Dates - September 1, 2004 - September 2, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Miami, FL

Purpose - Speech - 11th Annual Black Enterprise Awards Dinner
Notes - Nashville - Miami

Travel Cost - $699.60
Lodging Cost - $1,199.92
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,899.52

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - TN Bankers Assn
Dates - October 26, 2004 - October 27, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking
Notes - Memphis - Nashville - Memphis

Travel Cost - $226.49
Lodging Cost - $113.11
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $339.60

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Univ of Pennsylvania
Dates - November 12, 2004 - November 12, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Philadelphia, PA

Purpose - Speaking - 31st Annual Whitney M Young, Jr Memorial Conference
Notes - Washington, DC - Philadelphia, PA - New Orleans, LA

Travel Cost - $432.11
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $432.11

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - TN Electric Cooperative Assn
Dates - November 22, 2004 - November 23, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Speaking - TN Electric Cooperative Association Annual Meeting
Notes - Memphis - Nashville - Memphis

Travel Cost - $365.20
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $365.20

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - AKA 73rd Southeastern Regional Conference, Univ of Tennessee Black Law Student Assn
Dates - April 8, 2005 - April 10, 2005 (3 days)
Location(s) - Knoxville, TN

Purpose - UT: Julian Blackshear Scholarship Gala speaker AKA: undergraduate luncheon speaker
Notes - New York, NY - Knoxville, TN - Memphis, TN Hotel paid by AKA Flight paid by Univ of TN

Travel Cost - $1,017.30
Lodging Cost - $119.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,136.30

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Wilson County Civic League
Dates - April 16, 2005 - April 17, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - Annual banquet guest speaker
Notes - Baltimore - Nashville, TN - NY, NY

Travel Cost - $607.90
Lodging Cost - $149.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $756.90

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Memphis Bar Assn
Dates - April 28, 2005 - April 29, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Destin, FL

Purpose - Conference speaker
Notes - Memphis, TN - Destin, FL - New Orleans, LA

Travel Cost - $896.60
Lodging Cost - $285.26
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,181.86

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - 100 Black Men of Middle Tennessee
Dates - April 23, 2005 - April 23, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Nashville, TN

Purpose - 14th Annual Dinner Gala speaker
Notes -

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost - $179.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $179.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - NAACP Knoxville Branch
Dates - June 10, 2005 - June 11, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Knoxville, TN

Purpose - Speaking event: Freedom Fund dinner
Notes - Washington, DC - Knoxville, TN - Washington, DC

Travel Cost - $403.60
Lodging Cost - $114.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $517.60

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Alliance for School Choice
Dates - August 4, 2005 - August 4, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Vail, CO

Purpose - Speaking
Notes - Memphis, TN - Vail, CO

Travel Cost - $1,414.81
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost - $75.00
Total Cost - $1,489.81

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Assn for Enterprise Integration, Enterra Solutions
Dates - September 18, 2005 - September 20, 2005 (3 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Speaking event for Enterprise Resilience for the Financial Services Sector
Notes - Nashville, TN - New York, NY - Las Vegas, NV

Travel Cost - $1,037.40
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,037.40

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Peoples Baptist Church of Boston
Dates - October 7, 2005 - October 8, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - 200th Anniversary Banquet speaker
Notes - Washington, DC - Boston, MA - Memphis, TN

Travel Cost - $900.38
Lodging Cost - $179.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,079.38

Additional family members - No

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.