American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.

Back to all reports


CUMMINGS, ELIJAH E, Independent Party
Maryland

Total number of trips - 46
Total cost of trips - $32,561.24

Average cost per trip - $707.85
Total number of days spent traveling - 81 days
Rank of representative - 199 (Out of 638)


Individual trips


Sponsor(s) - Turner Monumental AME Church, Atlanta, Georgia
Dates - March 24, 2001 - March 25, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - Men's Day Speaker at worship service
Notes -

Travel Cost - $340.00
Lodging Cost - $160.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $500.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Greater Bethel AME Church
Dates - February 18, 2001 - February 18, 2001 (1 days)
Location(s) - Charlotte, NC

Purpose - Delivered sermon at morning worship service
Notes -

Travel Cost - $360.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $360.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Congressional Black Caucus Foundation
Dates - June 1, 2001 - June 3, 2001 (3 days)
Location(s) - New Orleans, LA

Purpose - Attend CBCF Board of Directors' Retreat in New Orleans, Louisiana
Notes -

Travel Cost - $506.25
Lodging Cost - $230.00
Meal Cost - $75.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $811.25

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Dillard University
Dates - January 14, 2001 - January 15, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - New Orleans, LA

Purpose - Invited to present speech at Martin Luther King program
Notes -

Travel Cost - $260.00
Lodging Cost - $110.00
Meal Cost - $40.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $410.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Savannah State University
Dates - December 7, 2001 - December 8, 2001 (2 days)
Location(s) - Savannah, GA

Purpose - Deliver commencement address
Notes -

Travel Cost - $400.00
Lodging Cost - $100.00
Meal Cost - $40.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $540.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - AT&T, Microsoft, American Airlines
Dates - March 15, 2001 - March 18, 2001 (4 days)
Location(s) - San Jose, CA

Purpose - Technology tour in California
Notes - Transport cost includes ground transportation ($171) - airfare is $4032

Travel Cost - $4,203.00
Lodging Cost - $529.00
Meal Cost - $135.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $4,867.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - CBC Policy & Leadership Institute
Dates - June 8, 2001 - June 10, 2001 (3 days)
Location(s) - Charleston, SC

Purpose - Educational - trade policy conference
Notes -

Travel Cost - $477.00
Lodging Cost - $168.00
Meal Cost - $115.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $760.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Not specified
Dates - June 22, 2002 - June 22, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Bridgeport, CT

Purpose - keynote speaker for graduation celebration and youth education day
Notes -

Travel Cost - $144.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $144.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Conference of Minority Transportation Officials
Dates - April 26, 2002 - April 29, 2002 (4 days)
Location(s) - Jacksonville, FL

Purpose - to attend regional transportation brain trust and tours
Notes -

Travel Cost - $345.00
Lodging Cost - $158.00
Meal Cost - $260.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $763.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Sumter County NAACP
Dates - April 27, 2002 - April 27, 2002 (1 days)
Location(s) - Americus, GA

Purpose - deliver keynote speech
Notes -

Travel Cost - $500.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $500.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - CBC Policy & Leadership Institute
Dates - June 7, 2002 - June 9, 2002 (3 days)
Location(s) - Charleston, SC

Purpose - BWI/Charlotte/Charleston, SC -- Charleston/Philadelphia/BWI
Notes - attend and speak at CBC Health and Environmental Justice Braintrust/educational

Travel Cost - $382.05
Lodging Cost - $340.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $722.05

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Sony Music
Dates - April 15, 2003 - April 15, 2003 (1 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Visit Sony music studios, Press Play joint venture and meet with music industry representatives regarding privacy and intellectual property concerns.
Notes -

Travel Cost - $610.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost - $70.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $680.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Conference of Minority Transportation Officials
Dates - March 2, 2003 - March 3, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Miami, FL

Purpose - Deliver keynote speech at the 4th annual Garrett A Morgan Scholarship luncheon
Notes -

Travel Cost - $524.50
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost - $15.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $539.50

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Cable & Telecommunications Association
Dates - June 6, 2003 - June 7, 2003 (2 days)
Location(s) - Washington, DC

Purpose - NCTA Cable conference and relationship building between NCTA and CBC
Notes -

Travel Cost - $763.59
Lodging Cost - $741.12
Meal Cost - $197.94
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,702.65

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Humpty Dumpty Institute
Dates - January 16, 2004 - January 17, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - New York, NY

Purpose - Economic and security issues in Africa and the Caribbean Basin Workshop
Notes - Signed 05/13/2004-Received by LRC 05/14/2004

Travel Cost - $328.00
Lodging Cost - $346.30
Meal Cost - $18.30
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $692.60

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Lehigh University
Dates - January 19, 2004 - January 19, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Bethlehem, PA

Purpose - Lehigh University's Martin Luther King Celebration
Notes -

Travel Cost - $325.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $325.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Association of Black Social Workers
Dates - April 8, 2004 - April 8, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Philadelphia, PA

Purpose - Speaking engagement
Notes - Actual transportation costs may vary - record illegible.

Travel Cost - $881.70
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $881.70

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Prairie View University
Dates - February 24, 2004 - February 24, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Baltimore, MD

Purpose - Town hall meeting
Notes - Received by LRC May 14

Travel Cost - $313.60
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $313.60

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Winston Salem State University
Dates - February 2, 2004 - February 2, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Winston-Salem, NC

Purpose - Winston Salem University Leadership Event
Notes - Received by LRC May 14

Travel Cost - $466.70
Lodging Cost - $328.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $794.70

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Congressional Black Caucus Foundation
Dates - January 13, 2004 - January 14, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - New Orleans, LA

Purpose - Congressional Black Caucus Educational Meeting
Notes -

Travel Cost - $750.90
Lodging Cost - $456.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,206.90

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Florida A&M University
Dates - January 12, 2004 - January 12, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - FL

Purpose - Town hall meeting
Notes -

Travel Cost - $317.70
Lodging Cost - $146.97
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $464.67

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - American Legacy Foundation
Dates - July 10, 2004 - July 11, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Miami, FL

Purpose - Participate in Tri-Caucus Minority Health Summit - Miami, FL
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Miami, FL - Baltimore, MD. [assumed sponsor]

Travel Cost - $549.00
Lodging Cost - $197.59
Meal Cost - $29.22
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $775.81

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - 20th Annual Dr Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Celebration City of Fort Worth
Dates - January 14, 2005 - January 14, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Fort Worth, TX

Purpose - 20th Annual Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Fort Worth, TX - Boston, MA

Travel Cost - $168.20
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $168.20

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - NAACP Cambridge Massachusetts
Dates - January 14, 2005 - January 15, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - Dr. Martin Luther King Event
Notes - Fort Worth, TX - Boston, MA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $894.90
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $894.90

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - NAACP Springfield Branch
Dates - February 13, 2005 - February 13, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Springfield, IL

Purpose - Springfield Branch NAACP 84th Annual Lincoln - Douglas Banquet
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Springfield, IL

Travel Cost - $407.78
Lodging Cost - $175.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $582.78

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - New Era Missionary Baptist Church
Dates - April 22, 2005 - April 23, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Indianapolis, IN

Purpose - Speech
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Indianapolis, IN - Columbia, SC

Travel Cost - $178.20
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $178.20

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - South Carolina Democratic Party
Dates - April 23, 2005 - April 23, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Columbia, SC

Purpose - Keynote speaker at a luncheon
Notes - Indianapolis, IN - Columbia, SC / Columbia, SC - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $990.30
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $990.30

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Zack Reed Scholarship
Dates - November 5, 2004 - November 5, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Cleveland, OH

Purpose - Keynote speaker - Annual Zack Reed Scholarship Luncheon
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Cleveland, OH / Cleveland, OH - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $537.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $537.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Southern Univ
Dates - September 19, 2004 - September 20, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Shreveport, LA

Purpose - Keynote at Southern University at Shreveport Convocation
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Shreveport, LA / Shreveport, LA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $832.00
Lodging Cost - $240.00
Meal Cost - $84.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,156.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - AFL-CIO
Dates - August 11, 2004 - August 11, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Chicago, IL

Purpose - Legislative keynote - AFL-CIO Executive Council meeting
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Chicago, IL / Chicago, IL - Baltimore, ME

Travel Cost - $325.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $325.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Yale Howard Partnership Center
Dates - July 6, 2004 - July 6, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - New Haven, CT

Purpose - Keynote speaker - Yale Howard Partnership Center on Reducing Health Disparities Yale University
Notes - Baltimore, MD - New Haven, CT - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $465.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $465.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Seattle Urban League
Dates - May 29, 2004 - May 30, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Seattle, WA

Purpose - Keynote Seattle Urban League event
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Seattle, WA / Seattle, WA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $1,035.00
Lodging Cost - $247.00
Meal Cost - $38.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,320.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - AFL-CIO
Dates - June 25, 2004 - June 26, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Orlando, FL

Purpose - AFL-CIO Legislative Conference - Legislative update keynote
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Orlando, FL / Orlando, FL - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $368.00
Lodging Cost - $279.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $647.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - March Funeral Home
Dates - May 25, 2004 - May 26, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Richmond, VA

Purpose - Keynote - Richmond Clergy Breakfast
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Richmond, VA / Richmond, VA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $269.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $269.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Carnegie Mellon's H John Heinz School of Public Policy & Management
Dates - May 16, 2004 - May 16, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Pittsburgh, PA

Purpose - Keynote speaker - Carnegie Mellon H John Heinz School of Public Policy and Management commencement ceremony
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Pittsburgh, PA / Pittsburgh, PA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $237.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $237.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Shaw Univ
Dates - May 7, 2004 - May 9, 2004 (3 days)
Location(s) - Raleigh, NC

Purpose - Shaw University commencement ceremony
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Raleigh, NC

Travel Cost - $564.00
Lodging Cost - $189.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $753.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Black Public Administrators
Dates - April 5, 2004 - April 5, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Philadelphia, PA

Purpose - Keynote National Forum for Black Public Administrators
Notes - Baltimore - Philadelphia, PA / Philadelphia, PA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $167.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $167.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Harvard Univ
Dates - March 6, 2004 - March 6, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Boston, MA

Purpose - Proctor - National Town Hall meeting, Harvard University School of Law
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Boston, MA / Boston, MA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $430.00
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $430.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Louisville Minority Business Assn
Dates - February 23, 2004 - February 23, 2004 (1 days)
Location(s) - Louisville, KY

Purpose - Keynote speaker - Economic roundtable for Minority Businesses
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Louisville, KY / Louisville, KY - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $935.00
Lodging Cost - $247.00
Meal Cost - $62.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,244.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Black History Observance Committee
Dates - February 15, 2004 - February 16, 2004 (2 days)
Location(s) - Atlanta, GA

Purpose - Keynote speaker - Black History Observance Breakfast Columbus, GA
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Atlanta, GA / Atlanta, GA - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $740.00
Lodging Cost - $260.00
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $1,000.00

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Nebraska Democratic Black Caucus
Dates - May 21, 2005 - May 22, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - NE

Purpose - Speech before the Nebraska Democratic Party
Notes - Baltimore - Nebraska / Nebraska - Baltimore [Added sponsor 6/17/05]

Travel Cost - $491.79
Lodging Cost - $115.32
Meal Cost - $62.56
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $669.67

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Briggs-DeLaine-Pearson Foundation
Dates - June 11, 2005 - June 12, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Columbia, SC

Purpose - Keynote speaker for banquet
Notes - Baltimore - Columbia, SC / Columbia, SC - Baltimore

Travel Cost - $573.79
Lodging Cost - $71.04
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $644.83

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - National Lawyers Assn
Dates - August 2, 2005 - August 3, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Orlando, FL

Purpose - Speaking engagement
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Orlando, FL / Orlando, FL - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $246.90
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $246.90

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Congressional Black Caucus Institute
Dates - August 9, 2005 - August 11, 2005 (3 days)
Location(s) - MS

Purpose - To discuss Social Security and access and equity in healthcare and housing
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Mississippi - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost - $25.53
Lodging Cost - $140.00
Meal Cost - $6.50
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $172.03

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - Elijah Cummings
Dates - September 12, 2005 - September 12, 2005 (1 days)
Location(s) - Memphis, TN

Purpose - Meeting with religious leaders to discuss Federal response to Hurricane Katrina
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Memphis, TN - Baltimore, MD

Travel Cost -
Lodging Cost -
Meal Cost -
Other Cost -
Total Cost -

Additional family members - No


Sponsor(s) - NAACP, City of Portland
Dates - October 8, 2005 - October 9, 2005 (2 days)
Location(s) - Portland, ME

Purpose - Speech/presentation
Notes - Baltimore, MD - Portland, ME - Baltimore, MD NAACP - transportation City of Portland - Lodging

Travel Cost - $549.00
Lodging Cost - $130.00
Meal Cost - $30.00
Other Cost -
Total Cost - $709.00

Additional family members - No

American RadioWorks |
A student learns welding at a vocational high school in Massachusetts. (Photo: Emily Hanford)

Ready to Work

Vocational education was once a staple of American schooling, preparing some kids for blue-collar futures while others were put on a path to college. Today the new mantra is "college for all." But not everyone wants to go to college, and more than half of jobs don't require a bachelor's degree. Many experts say it's time to bring back career and technical education. This American RadioWorks documentary explores how vocational education is being reimagined.

Recent Posts

  • 09.11.14

    A 21st-century vocational high school

    For years, vocational education was seen as a lesser form of schooling, tracking some kids into programs that ended up limiting their future opportunities. Today, in the nation's best vocational programs, things are different.
  • 09.10.14

    Career academies: A new twist on vocational ed

    Across the country, thousands of high schools are transforming into career academies. The idea is that students will be more engaged if they see how academics are connected to the world of work. And they’ll be more likely to get the postsecondary schooling they need to support themselves in today’s economy.
  • 09.09.14

    The troubled history of vocational education

    Vocational education was once used to track low-income students off to work while wealthier kids went to college. But advocates for today's career and technical education say things have changed, and graduates of vocational programs may have the advantage over graduates of traditional high schools.
  • 09.04.14

    Four-year institutions brace for population shifts

    Colleges and universities are accepting many more students of color, many more students from working class and poor families, and many more people who are sometimes referred to as "nontraditional" students.